The acquisition of tacts, mands, and intraverbals by individuals with traumatic brain injury
- 3 Downloads
Two individuals who sustained traumatic brain injuries from motorcycle accidents were taught several verbal responses by using tact, mand, and intraverbal training procedures. The rate of acquisition for each operant and the transfer to untrained verbal operants involving the same response topography were measured. The results showed that tacts and intraverbals were acquired quickest, and training on the tact produced the greatest amount of transfer to the untrained verbal operants. Intraverbal training also resulted in transfer for both subjects, but to varying degrees. Direct mand training proved to be the least efficient way to generate a mand repertoire, and when acquired showed least amount of transfer to the untrained operants. These results seem to be in contrast with the findings of similar research with developmentally disabled individuals, and may have implications for methods of language instruction for the brain injured population.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Chapey, R. (1986). Language intervention strategies in adult aphasia (2nd ed.). Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
- Hagen, C. (1984). Language disorders in head trauma. In A. Holland (Ed.). Language disorders in adults (pp. 245–281). San Diego: College-Hill Press.Google Scholar
- Holland, A. (1984). Language disorders in adults. San Diego: College-Hill Press.Google Scholar
- Mowrer, D.W. (1988). Methods of modifying speech-behaviors. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press.Google Scholar
- Muma, J. R., Hamre, C. E., & McNeil, M. R. (1986). Theoretical models applicable to intervention in adult aphasia. In R. Chapey (Ed.). Language intervention strategies in adult aphasia (2nd ed.) (pp. 277–283). Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
- Salvatore, A. P., & Thompson, C. K. (1986). Intervention for global aphasia. In R. Chapey (Ed.) Language intervention strategies in adult aphasia (2nd ed.) (pp. 402–418). Baltimore, MD: Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar
- Sundberg, M. L. (1980). Developing a verbal repertoire using sign language and Skinner’s analysis of verbal behavior. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Western Michigan University.Google Scholar
- Sundberg, M. L. (1983). Language. In J. L. Matson, & S.E. Breuning (Eds.), Assessing the mentally retarded (pp. 285–310). New York: Grune & Stratton.Google Scholar
- Sundberg, M. L. (1987). Teaching language to the developmentally disabled: A course manual. Prince George, B.C.: College of New Caledonia Press.Google Scholar
- Sundberg, M. L., Milani, I., & Partington, J. W. (1977, Aug.). The use of sign language with hearing non-vocal mentally impaired persons. Paper presented at the 85th Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association, San Francisco.Google Scholar