The Analysis of Verbal Behavior

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 45–59 | Cite as

Establishing a generalized autoclitic repertoire in preschool children

  • Jane S. Howard
  • Diane E. Rice
Article

Abstract

Skinner’s (1957) analysis of language presents the notion of secondary verbal behavior, some of which is termed “autoclitic.” These kinds of verbal responses are dependent upon primary verbal behavior and are controlled by some feature of the primary verbal relationship (e.g., mand, tact, etc.). In this study preschool children were trained to make autoclitic responses evoked by the weakness of the relation controlling a primary tact response. A method for training tacting of private events known as “public accompaniment” was utilized. Theoretical issues related to the nature of autoclitic behavior as well as practical concerns for training are discussed.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Braam, S.J., & Poling, A. (1983). Development of intra-verbal behavior in mentally retarded individuals through transfer of stimulus control procedures: Classification of verbal responses. Applied Research in Mental Retardation, 4, 279–302.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Carroll, R. J., & Hesse, B. E. (1987). The effects of alternating mand and tact training on the acquisition of tacts. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 5, 55–65.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Catania, A.C. (1980). Autoclitic processes and the structure of behavior. Behaviorism, 8, 175–186.Google Scholar
  4. Charlop, M.H., Schreibman, L., & Thibodeau, M.G. (1985). Increasing spontaneous verbal responding in autistic children using a time delay procedure. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 18, 155–166.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Chomsky, N. (1959). Review of B.F. Skinner’s Verbal Behavior. Language, 35, 26–58.Google Scholar
  6. Hall, G., & Sundberg, M.L. (1987). Teaching mands by manipulating conditioned establishing operations. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 5, 41–53.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Halle, J.W., Baer, D.M., & Spradlin, J.E. (1981). Teachers’ generalized use of delay as a stimulus control procedure to increase language use in handicapped children. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 14, 389–409.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Halle, J.W., Marshall, A.M., & Spradlin, J.E. (1979). Time delay: A technique to increase language use and facilitate generalization in retarded children. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 12, 431–439.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. Lamarre, J., & Holland, J.G. (1985). The functional independence of mands and tacts. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 43, 3–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lee, V.L., & Pegler, A.M. (1982). Effects on spelling of training children to read. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 37, 311–322.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. Michael, J.L. (1982). Distinguishing between discriminative and motivational functions of stimuli. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 37, 149–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Michael, J.L., Whitley, P., & Hesse, B.E. (1983). The pigeon parlance project. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2, 6–9.Google Scholar
  13. Peterson, N. (1978). An introduction to verbal behavior. Grand Rapids, MI: Behavior Associates, Inc.Google Scholar
  14. Place, U.T. (1981). Skinner’s Verbal behavior II: What is wrong with it. Behaviorism, 9, 131–152.Google Scholar
  15. Reese, E.P., Howard, J.S., & Rosenberger, P. (1977). Behavioral procedures for assessing visual capacities in nonverbal subjects. In B.C. Etzel, J.M. LeBlanc, & D.M. Baer (Eds.), New developments in behavioral research: Theory, method, and application. In honor of Sidney W. Bijou, (pp. 279–301). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Earlbaum & Associates, Inc.Google Scholar
  16. Sidman, M., Cresson, O., & Willson-Morris, M. (1974). Acquisition of matching to sample via mediated transfer. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 22, 261–273.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. Sidman, M., & Stoddard, L.T. (1967). The effectiveness of fading in programming a simultaneous form discrimination for retarded children. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 10, 3–15.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. Skinner, B.F. (1957). Verbal behavior. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Skinner, B.F. (1986). The evolution of verbal behavior. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 45, 115–122.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. Stafford, M.W., Sundberg, M.L., & Braam, S.J. (1988). A preliminary investigation of the consequences that define the mand and the tact. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 6, 61–71.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  21. Sundberg, M.L. (1985). Teaching verbal behavior to pigeons. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 3, 11–17.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  22. Sundberg, M.L. (1987). Teaching language to the developmentally disabled: A course manual. Prince George, B.C.: College of New Caledonia Press.Google Scholar
  23. Sundberg, M.L., Michael, J.L., & Peterson, N. (1977, May). Sign language: A behavioral analysis and applications. Workshop presented at the Third Annual Midwestern Association for Behavior Analysis Conference, Chicago, IL.Google Scholar
  24. Sundberg, M.L., Milani, I., & Partington, J. W (1977, Aug). The use of sign language with hearing, non-vocal mentally impaired persons. Paper presented at the 85th Annual Association of the American Psychological Association. San Francisco, CA.Google Scholar
  25. Touchette, P.E. (1968). The effects of graduated stimulus change on the acquisition of a simple discrimination in severely retarded boys. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 11, 39–48.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  26. Vargas, E. (1982). Intraverbal behavior. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 1, 3–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Association of Behavior Analysis International 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jane S. Howard
    • 1
    • 2
  • Diane E. Rice
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentCalifornia State UniversityStanislaus, TurlockUSA
  2. 2.Turlock Unified School DistrictUSA

Personalised recommendations