The Analysis of Verbal Behavior

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 3–9 | Cite as

Establishing operations and the mand

  • Jack Michael
Article

Abstract

In Verbal Behavior Skinner identifies a small number of elementary verbal relations, one of which is the mand. Because its introduction is at first in terms of unlearned motivative variables, and because the mand’s relation to prior controlling events is quite complex, its general significance has probably been underestimated. An extensive treatment of establishing operations, including the warning and the blocked-response conditioned establishing operations is provided, followed by a description of the mand in terms of such operations. The importance of the mand for language training programs is suggested, as well as the reasons why it is typically neglected in such programs.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Carroll R. J., & Hesse, B. E. (1987). The effects of alternating mand and tact training on the acquisition of tacts. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 5, 55–65.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Hall, G., & Sundberg, M. L. (1987). Teaching mands by manipulating conditioned establishing operations. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 5, 41–53.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Hart, B. M., & Risley, T. R. (1975). Incidental teaching of language in the preschool. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 8, 411–420.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Keller, F. S., & Schoenfeld, W. N. (1950). Principles of psychology. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.Google Scholar
  5. Michael, J. (1982). Distinguishing between discriminative and motivational functions of stimuli. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 37, 149–155.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Michael, J. (1983). Evocative and repertoire altering effects of an environmental event. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 2, 21–23.Google Scholar
  7. Peterson, N. (1978). An introduction to verbal behavior. Grand Rapids: Behavior Associates.Google Scholar
  8. Skinner, B. F. (1953). Science and human behavior. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  9. Skinner, B. F. (1957). Verbal behavior. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Stafford, M. W., Sundberg, M. L., & Braam, S. J. (1988). A preliminary investigation of the consequences that define the mand and the tact. The Analysis of Verbal Behavior, 6, 61–71.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. Sundberg, M. L. (1983). Language. In J. L. Matson & S. E. Breuning (Eds.) Assessing the mentally retarded (pp. 285–310). New York: Grune & Stratton.Google Scholar
  12. Sundberg, M. L. (1987). Teaching language to the developmentally disabled: A course manual. Prince George, B.C.: College of New Caledonia Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Association of Behavior Analysis International 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jack Michael
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWestern Michigan UniversityKalamazooUSA

Personalised recommendations