Advertisement

The Behavior Analyst

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 147–154 | Cite as

Rat Lab for Fun and Profit

  • Hilary J. Karp
Article

Abstract

Many applied behavior analysts have little or no personal exposure to the basic animal experimentation that provided the foundation for applied behavior analysis. However, personal experience in the animal laboratory provides many benefits to students of applied behavior analysis. Animal laboratory experience provides convincing, vivid illustrations of basic principles of learning and facilitates generalization and application of the basic principles. The laboratory experience also teaches interpersonal skills that may be important in future employment in applied fields. The animal laboratory can also provide public relations opportunities, especially with university-sponsored events such as the Rat Olympics. These points, as well as concerns about the resources needed for an animal laboratory and compliance with federal animal-use guidelines, are addressed. It is concluded that the animal laboratory offers many educational profits to students while making learning fun for a reasonable outlay of effort and resources.

Key words

teaching instruction rats laboratory applied research 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Acker, L. E., Goldwater, B. C., & Agnew, J. L. (1990). Sidney Slug: A computer simulation for teaching shaping without an animal laboratory. Teaching of Psychology, 17 (2), 130–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Branch, M. N., & Malagodi, E. F. (1980). Where have all the behaviorists gone? The Behavior Analyst, 3, 31–38.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Chance, P. (1994). Learning and behavior (3rd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.Google Scholar
  4. Cooper, J. O., Heron, T. E., & Heward, W. L. (1987). Applied behavior analysis. Columbus, OH: Merrill.Google Scholar
  5. Cunningham, M. (1990). Op. Rat PC users’ guide. Orlando, FL: Psi & Eye.Google Scholar
  6. Domjan, M. (1987). Animal learning comes of age. American Psychologist, 42, 556–564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Domjan, M., & Burkhard, B. (1986). The principles of learning and behavior. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole.Google Scholar
  8. Hineline, P. N. (1986). The relationships between subject and experimenter. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 45, 123–127.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. Keller, F. S., & Schoenfeld, W. N. (1950). The principles of psychology. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.Google Scholar
  10. Labounty, L. (1992, May). Activities that support the teaching of behavior analysis. In H. J. Karp (Chair), Activities that support the teaching of behavior analysis. Panel discussion conducted at the meeting of the Association for Behavior Analysis, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  11. Lattal, K. A., McFarland, J. M., & Joyce, J. H. (1990). What is happening in psychology of learning courses? The Behavior Analyst, 13, 121–130.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. Malott, R. W. (1994). Notes from a radical behaviorist … Why we fail to train expert behavior analysts. The ABA Newsletter, 17 (1), 48.Google Scholar
  13. Malott, R. W., Whaley, D. L., & Malott, M. E. (1993). Elementary principles of behavior (2nd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  14. Martin, G., & Pear, J. (1983). Behavior modification: What it is and how to do it (2nd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  15. Mechner, F (1992, May). A technology for learning and practicing skilled performance. In A. M. Wylie (Chair), Educational applications of behavior analysis. Symposium conducted at the meeting of the Association for Behavior Analysis, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  16. Michael, J. (1980). Flight from behavior analysis. The Behavior Analyst, 3, 1–24.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. National Institute of Health. (1985). Guide for the care and use of laboratory animals (NIH Publication No. 86-23). Bethesda, MD: Author.Google Scholar
  18. National Institute of Health. Office for Protection from Research Risks. (1994). Institutional animal care and use committee guidebook (NIH Publication No. 92-3415). Boston: ARENA.Google Scholar
  19. Olson, K. M. (1994). Writing a winning proposal. A Symposium for writing Total Quality Management Grants presented at the University of Houston-Clear Lake, Houston.Google Scholar
  20. Poling, A., Nickel, M., & Alling, K. (1990). Free birds aren’t fat: Weight gain in captured wild pigeons maintained under laboratory conditions. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 53, 423–424.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  21. Reese, E. P. (1966). Human behavior: Analysis and application (2nd ed.). Dubuque, IA: Wm. C. Brown.Google Scholar
  22. Schlinger, H. (1994). Public relations: Does ABA need it? The ABA Newsletter, 17 (3), 4.Google Scholar
  23. Schwartz, B. (1984). Psychology of learning and behavior (2nd ed.). New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  24. Sharpe, T. (1994). Training recommendations for “expert” behavior analysts. The ABA Newsletter, 17 (3), 13.Google Scholar
  25. Sulzer-Azaroff, B., & Mayer, G. R. (1991). Behavior analysis for lasting change. Fort Worth, TX: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Association for Behavior Analysis International 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hilary J. Karp
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Houston-Clear LakeHoustonUSA

Personalised recommendations