The Behavior Analyst

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 145–155 | Cite as

The Experimental Analysis of Human Behavior: Indispensable, Ancillary, or Irrelevant?

  • Alan Baron
  • Michael Perone
  • Mark Galizio


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Baron, A. (1990). Experimental designs. The Behavior Analyst, 13, 167–171.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Baron, A., & Galizio, M. (1983). Instructional control of human operant behavior. The Psychological Record, 33, 495–520.Google Scholar
  3. Baron, A., & Kaufman, A. (1966). Human, free-operant avoidance of “time-out” from monetary reinforcement. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 9, 557–565.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Baron, A., & Perone, M. (1982). The place of the human subject in the operant laboratory. The Behavior Analyst, 5, 143–158.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  5. Baron, A., Perone, M., & Galizio, M. (1991). Analyzing the reinforcement process at the human level: Can application and behavioristic interpretation replace laboratory research? The Behavior Analyst, 14, 95–105.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Bijou, S. W., Peterson, R. F., & Ault, M. H. (1968). A method to integrate descriptive and experimental field studies at the level of data and empirical concepts. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 1, 175–191.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Bolles, R. C. (1970). Species-specific defense reactions and avoidance learning. Psychological Review, 77, 32–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Branch, M. (1991). On the difficulty of studying “basic” behavioral processes in humans. The Behavior Analyst, 14, 107–110.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. Buskist, W., Newland, M. C., & Sherburne, T. (1991). Continuity and context. The Behavior Analyst, 14, 111–116.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Critchfield, T. S., & Perone, M. (1990). Verbal self-reports of delayed matching to sample by humans. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 53, 321–344.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. Dinsmoor, J. A. (1991). The respective roles of human and nonhuman subjects in behavioral research. The Behavior Analyst, 14, 117–121.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. Ferster, C. B. (1953). The use of the free operant in the analysis of behavior. Psychological Bulletin, 50, 263–274.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Freeman, T. J., & Lattal, K. A. (in press). Stimulus control of behavioral history. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior.Google Scholar
  14. Galizio, M., & Buskist, W. (1988). Laboratory lore and research practices in the experimental analysis of human behavior: Selecting reinforcers and arranging contingencies. The Behavior Analyst, 11, 65–69.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. Grossett, D., Roy, S., Sharenow, E., & Poling, A. (1982). Subjects used in JEAB articles: Is the snark a pigeon? The Behavior Analyst, 5, 189–190.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. Hake, D. F., Vukelich, R., & Kaplan, S. J. (1973). Audit responses: Responses maintained by access to existing self or coactor scores during non-social, parallel work, and cooperation procedures. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 19, 409–423.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. Holland, J. G. (1958). Human vigilance. Science, 128, 61–63.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Hursh, S. R. (1984). Behavioral economics. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 42, 435–452.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  19. Michael, J. (1980). Flight from behavior analysis. The Behavior Analyst, 3, 1–21.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  20. Morse, W. H., & Kelleher, R. T. (1977). Determinants of reinforcement and punishment. In W. K. Honig & J. E. R. Staddon (Eds.), Handbook of operant behavior (pp. 174–200). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  21. Palmer, D. C., & Donahoe, J. W. (1991). Shared premises, different conclusions. The Behavior Analyst, 14, 123–127.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  22. Perone, M. (in press). Experimental design in the analysis of free-operant behavior. In I. H. Iversen & K. A. Lattal (Eds.), Techniques in the behavioral and neural sciences: Experimental analysis of behavior. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  23. Perone, M., & Baron, A. (1980). Reinforcement of human observing behavior by a stimulus correlated with extinction or increased effort. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 34, 239–261.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  24. Perone, M., Galizio, M., & Baron, A. (1988). The relevance of animal-based principles in the laboratory study of human operant conditioning. In G. Davey & C. Cullen (Eds.), Human operant conditioning and behavior modification (pp. 59–85). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  25. Pierce, W. D., & Epling, W. F. (1991). Can operant research with animals rescue the science of behavior? The Behavior Analyst, 14, 129–132.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  26. Schick, K. (1971). Operants. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 15, 413–423.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  27. Schoenfeld, W. N., Antonitis, J. J., & Bersh, P. J. (1950). Unconditioned response rate of the white rat in a bar-pressing apparatus. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 43, 41–48.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Schwartz, B. (1974). On going back to nature: [A review of Seligman and Hager’s Biological boundaries of learning]. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 21, 183–198.CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  29. Seligman, M. E. P. (1970). On the generality of the laws of learning. Psychological Review, 77, 406–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Shull, R. L., & Lawrence, P. S. (1991). Preparations and principles. The Behavior Analyst, 14, 133–138.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  31. Sidman, M. (1960). Tactics of scientific research. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  32. Sidman, M. (1969). Generalization gradients and stimulus control in delayed matching-to-sample. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 12, 745–757.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  33. Skinner, B. F. (1956). A case history in scientific method. American Psychologist, 11, 221–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Skinner, B. F. (1958). Reinforcement today. American Psychologist, 13, 94–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Todorov, J. C., de Oliveira Castro, J. M., Hanna, E. S., de Sa, M. C. N. B., & de Queiroz Barreto, M. (1983). Choice, experience, and the generalized matching law. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 40, 99–111.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  36. Wanchisen, B. A. (1990). Forgetting the lessons of history. The Behavior Analyst, 13, 31–37.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  37. Wanchisen, B. A., & Tatham, T. A. (1991). Behavioral history: A promising challenge in explaining and controlling human operant behavior. The Behavior Analyst, 14, 139–144.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  38. Weiner, H. (1969). Controlling human fixed-interval performance. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 12, 349–373.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  39. Williams, D. R., & Williams, H. (1969). Automaintenance in the pigeon: Sustained pecking despite contingent non-reinforcement. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 12, 511–520.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  40. Zeiler, M. D. (1977). Schedules of reinforcement: The controlling variables. In W. K. Honig & J. E. R. Staddon (Eds.), Handbook of operant behavior (pp. 201–232). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  41. Zeiler, M. D. (1984). The sleeping giant: Reinforcement schedules. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 42, 485–493.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Association for Behavior Analysis International 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan Baron
    • 1
  • Michael Perone
    • 2
  • Mark Galizio
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Wisconsin-MilwaukeeMilwaukeeUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyWest Virginia UniversityMorgantownUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of North Carolina at WilmingtonWilmingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations