The Essence of Free will and of Its Real Main Restriction


Free will is actually a free choice of a definite type of behavior from many options that are determined by different objective conditions. This choice is the function of the Self-Image as the highest level of personality. At the same time Self-Image restricts the free will making it different from arbitrariness. The essence of the free will is the subject’s responsible choice of one option of motivated behavior from many options and this choice is determined by the subject’s Self-Image as the most integrative and not totally conscious or realized representation of the Self that includes the highest personal values.


  1. Kühl, J., & Quirin, M. (2011). Seven steps toward freedom and two ways to lose it. Overcoming limitations of intentionality through Self-confrontational coping with stress. Social Psychology, 42, 74–84.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Rotenberg, V.S. (2009). Search activity concept: Relationship between behavior, health and brain functions. Actiuitas Nervosa Superior, 51, 12–44.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Rotenberg, V. S. (2012). Two high levels of self-identification in relationships to consciousness, social motives and brain laterality. Actiuitas Nervosa Superior, 54, 77–83.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Vadim Rotenberg.

Rights and permissions

Open Access  This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

To view a copy of this licence, visit

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Rotenberg, V. The Essence of Free will and of Its Real Main Restriction. Act Nerv Super 56, 52–55 (2014).

Download citation

Key words

  • Volitional choice
  • Arbitrariness
  • Personality
  • Self-Image