A Review on the Cognitive Neuroscience of Autism

Abstract

With increased recognition in the media, heightened prevalence, and advances in research technologies, investigation into the causes of autism has broadened in recent years. Studies at the molecular, structural, and behavioral levels have resulted in significant findings, linking autism to qualitative differences in neurological function and an alteration of early development. Familial aggregation of autism demonstrates a strong genetic factor, although genetics can not completely account for its pathogenesis. Studies show autism having one of the most complex pathologies among neurodevelopmental disorders. Future studies applying sophisticated methodologies in new areas may shed light on current mysteries surrounding the disorder.

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Correspondence to Alain Koyama.

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Koyama, A. A Review on the Cognitive Neuroscience of Autism. Act Nerv Super 51, 125–139 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03379555

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Key words

  • Autism
  • Asperger’s syndrome
  • Developmental disorder
  • Neuroimaging
  • Anatomy