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An analysis of the figure of Condwiramurs, contrasting her with other female figures in Parzival, and also by comparing the text with Wolfram’s Willehalm, reveals that she is of great importance for Parzival’s election to the grail, and is herself destined to be grail queen; in addition, this figure demonstrates Wolfram’s ambivalent portrayal of contemporary society and its use of God for military and social enterprises.


Durch eine Analyse der Condwiramurs im Vergleich zu anderen weiblichen Figuren im Parzival und unter Miteinbeziehung des Willehalm wird festgestellt, dass sie für Parzivals Wahl als Gralkönig eine wichtige Rolle spielt, und selber dazu bestimmt ist, Gralkönigin zu werden. Außerdem zeigt diese Figur Wolframs ambivalente Darstellung zeitgenössischer Gesellschaft und ihrer Nutzung Gottes für militärische und soziale Zwecke.

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I would like to express my thanks to Markus Stock for his many useful comments during the preparation of this article. I am also very deeply indebted to Martin Jones, with whom I first read Parzival (and Middle High German); the topic of this essay goes back to a comment of his, and his earlier teaching as well as his suggestions regarding this paper have been immensely useful and inspiring, and not just for the present study.

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Ghosh, S. Condwiramurs. Dtsch Vierteljahrsschr Literaturwiss Geistesgesch 82, 3–25 (2008).

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