Advertisement

Historical Archaeology

, Volume 50, Issue 4, pp 7–21 | Cite as

Toward a South Asian Historical Archaeology

  • Brian C. Wilson
  • Mark W. Hauser
Article

Abstract

This article briefly reviews historical archaeologies of South Asia. In 1996 Charles Orser argued that historical archaeology needs to consider its own definition more broadly and internationalize its scope (Orser 1996). Such an approach would define the contours of the modern world more concretely. This program of research has been widely adopted, yet it has been hampered, to a certain extent, by its hemispheric focus on the Atlantic World. South Asia, as a key constituent of the Indian Ocean, troubles this approach to historical archaeology and demands consideration of other circulations, epicenters, and agendas in the development of the modern world. This article considers that trade, landscapes, and material culture all point to a modern world in which the Atlantic World is not the only epicenter.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Agorsah, Emmanuel Kofi 1994 Maroon Heritage: Archaeological, Ethnographic, and Historical Perspectives. University of the West Indies Press, Kingston, Jamaica.Google Scholar
  2. Allen, S. Jane 1998 History, Archaeology, and the Question of Foreign Control in Early Historic-Period Peninsular Malaysia. International Journal of Historical Archaeology 2(4):261–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ambekar, Abhijit, Rohini Pande, and Tejas Garge 2010 The Cannons of Goa: Their History, Locations and Styles. Vasantrao Dempo Research Foundation, Goa, India.Google Scholar
  4. Armstrong, Douglas V., and Mark W. Hauser 2004 An East Indian Laborer’s Household in Nineteenth-Century Jamaica: A Case for Spatial, Chronological, and Material Analysis in Determining Ethnicity. Historical Archaeology 38(2):9–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Axelrod, Paul 2008 Living on the Edge: The Village and the State on the Goa-Maratha Frontier. Indian Economic and Social History Review 45(4):553–580.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Axelrod, Paul, and Michelle A. Fuerch 1998 Portuguese Orientalism and the Making of the Village Communities of Goa. Ethnohistory 45(3):439–476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Beckert, Sven 2004 Emancipation and Empire: Reconstructing the Worldwide Web of Cotton Production in the Age of the American Civil War. American Historical Review 109(5):1405–1438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Boxer, Charles R. 1985 Portuguese Conquest and Commerce in Southern Asia, 1500–1750. Variorum Reprints, London, UK.Google Scholar
  9. Boxer, Charles R. 1991 The Portuguese Seaborne Empire 1415–1825. Carcanet, Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Manchester, UK.Google Scholar
  10. Brockey, Liam Matthew 2008 Portuguese Colonial Cities in the Early Modern World. Ashgate Publishing Co., Farnham, UK.Google Scholar
  11. Brooks, Alasdair, O Al-Kaabi, Timothy Power, and Peter Sheehan 2015 New Objects, Old Trade: 19th- and 20th-Century European Ceramics and Glass in Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Paper presented at the 48th Annual Conference on Historical and Underwater Archaeology, Seattle, WA.Google Scholar
  12. Brown, Rebecca M. 2003 The Cemeteries and the Suburbs: Patna’s Challenges to the Colonial City in South Asia. Journal of Urban History 29(2):151–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Buettner, Elizabeth 2006 Cemeteries, Public Memory and Raj Nostalgia in Postcolonial Britain and India. History and Memory 18(1):5–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Carita, Helder 1999 Palaces of Goa: Models and Types of Indo-Portuguese Civil Architecture. Cartago, London, UK.Google Scholar
  15. Carter, Marina 2006 Slavery and Unfree Labour in the Indian Ocean. History Compass 4(5):800–813.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Celestine, Peter 1982 Early Capuchin Missions in India: Pondicherry, Surat, Madras, 1632–1834. Capuchin, Sahibabad, India.Google Scholar
  17. Chakrabarti, Dilip K. 2003 The Archaeology of European Expansion in India: Gujarat, c. 16th–18th Centuries. Aryan Books International, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  18. Chakrabarty, Dipesh 2007 Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference, new edition. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.Google Scholar
  19. Chaloner, William H. 1990 Industry and Innovation: Selected Essays. Frank Cass & Co., London, UK.Google Scholar
  20. Cimino, Rosa Maria 1998 Ancient Rome and India: Commercial and Cultural Contacts between the Roman World and India. Munshiram Manoharlal, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  21. Cleuziou, Serge, and Maurizio Tosi 1997 Evidence for the Use of Aromatics in the Early Bronze Age of Oman. In Profumi d’Arabia, A. Avanzini, editor, pp. 57–74. “L’Erma” di Bretschneider, Pisa, Italy.Google Scholar
  22. Cooper, Zarine 1993 The Origins of the Andaman Islanders: Local Myth and Archaeological Evidence. Antiquity 67(255):394–399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Cooper, Zarine 2002 Archaeology and History: Early Settlements in the Andaman Islands. Oxford University Press, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  24. Cooper, Zarine, and Sandra Bowdler 1998 Flaked Glass Tools from the Andaman Islands and Australia. Asian Perspectives 37(1):74–83.Google Scholar
  25. Dawdy, Shannon Lee 2008 Building the Devil’s Empire: French Colonial New Orleans. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. DeCorse, Christopher R. 1998 The Europeans in West Africa: Culture Contact, Continuity, and Change. In Transformations in Africa: Essays on Africa’s Later Past, Graham Connah, editor, pp. 219–244. Leicester University Press, London, UK.Google Scholar
  27. Deetz, James 1991 Archaeological Evidence of Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century Encounters. In Historical Archaeology in World Perspective, L. Ferguson, editor, 1–10. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  28. Deetz, James 1996 In Small Things Forgotten: The Archaeology of Early American Life, expanded and revised from 1977 edition. Anchor Books/Doubleday, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  29. de Silva, Chandra Richard 1999 Beyond the Cape: The Portuguese Encounter with the Peoples of South Asia. In Implicit Understandings: Observing, Reporting and Reflecting on the Encounters between Europeans and other Peoples in the Early Modern Era, Stuart B. Schwartz, editor, pp. 295–322. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
  30. de Souza, Teotonio R. 1994 Goa medieval: A cidade eo interior no seculo XVII (Historias de Portugal) (Medieval Goa: The city and the interior in the 17th century [Histories of Portugal]). Editorial Estampa, Lisbon, Portugal.Google Scholar
  31. Dhavalikar, Madhukar Keshav 1999 Historical Archaeology of India. Books & Books, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  32. Disney, Anthony R. 2009 A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire: From Beginnings to 1807. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Dreyer, Edward L. 2006 Zheng He: China and the Oceans in the Early Ming Dynasty, 1405–1433. Pearson, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  34. Eaton, Richard M., and Phillip B. Wagoner 2014 Power, Memory, Architecture: Contested Sites on India’s Deccan Plateau, 1300–1600. Oxford University Press, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  35. Edens, Christopher 1993 Indus-Arabian Interaction during the Bronze Age. In Harappan Civilization: A Recent Perspective, 2nd rev. edition, Gregory L. Possehl, editor, pp. 335–363. American Institute of Indian Studies and Oxford & IBH Publishing Co., New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  36. Floore, Pieter M., and Ranjith M. Jayasena 2010 In Want of Everything? Archaeological Perceptions of a Dutch Outstation on Mauritius (1638–1710). Post-Medieval Archaeology 44(2):320–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Frank, Andre Gunder 1998 Reorient: Global Economy in the Asian Age. University of California Press, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  38. Frank, Andre Gunder, and Barry K. Gills 1996 The World System: Five Hundred Years or Five Thousand? Routledge, London, UK.Google Scholar
  39. Glover, William J. 2007 Making Lahore Modern: Constructing and Imagining a Colonial City. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.Google Scholar
  40. Gomes, Paulo Varela 2011 Whitewash, Red Stone: A History of Church Architecture in Goa. Yoda Press, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  41. Gupta, Ashin Das 2001 The World of the Indian Ocean Merchant, 1500–1800: Collected Essays of Ashin Das Gupta, Uma Dasgupta, editor. Oxford University Press, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  42. Hauser, Mark W. 2011 Routes and Roots of Empire: Pots, Power, and Slavery in the 18th-Century British Caribbean. American Anthropologist 113(3):431–447.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Ho, Engseng 2004 Empire through Diasporic Eyes: A View from the other Boat. Comparative Studies in Society and History 46(2):210–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Hugo-Brunt, Michael 1968 Portuguese Planning and Architecture on the Sea Route to the Orient. Exchange Bibliography/Council of Planning Librarians, Monticello, IL.Google Scholar
  45. Jayasena, Ranjith M. 2006 The Historical Archaeology of Katuwana, a Dutch East India Company Fort in Sri Lanka. Post-Medieval Archaeology 40(1):111–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Kenny, Judith T. 1995 Climate, Race, and Imperial Authority: The Symbolic Landscape of the British Hill Station in India. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 85(4):694–714.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Kusimba, Chapurukha 1999 The Rise and Fall of Swahili States. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.Google Scholar
  48. Kusimba, Chapurukha, and Bennet Bronson 2000 What Does Africa Mean to You? In the Field 71(2):6–7.Google Scholar
  49. Lape, Peter V. 2000 Political Dynamics and Religious Change in the Late Pre-Colonial Banda Islands, Eastern Indonesia. World Archaeology 32(1):138–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Leone, Mark 2005 The Archaeology of Liberty in an American Capital: Excavations in Annapolis. University of California Press, Berkeley.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Leone, Mark P., and Parker B. Potter, Jr. 1988 Archaeology of the Georgian Worldview. In The Recovery of Meaning: Historical Archaeology in the Eastern United States, Mark P. Leone and Parker B. Potter, Jr., editors, pp. 211–217. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  52. Lewis, Barry 2012 British Assessments of Tipu Sultan’s Hill Forts in Northern Mysore, South India, 1802. International Journal of Historical Archaeology 16(1):164–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. L’Hour, Michel, Luc Long, and Eric Rieth 1990 The Wreck of an ‘Experimental’ Ship of the ‘Oost-Indische Companie’: The Mauritius (1609). International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 19(1):63–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Lockard, Craig A. 2010 ‘The Sea Common to All’: Maritime Frontiers, Port Cities, and Chinese Traders in the Southeast Asian Age of Commerce, ca. 1400–1750. Journal of World History 21(2):219–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Lourenço, Josś 2005 The Parish Churches of Goa: A Study of Façade Architecture. Amazing Goa, Margao, India.Google Scholar
  56. Lycett, Mark T., and Kathleen Morrison 2013 The ‘Fall’ of Vijayanagara Reconsidered: Political Destruction and Historical Construction in South Indian History. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 56(3):433–470.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Malleson, George B. 1984 History of the French in India, from the Founding of Pondicherry in 1674 to the Capture of that Place in 1761. Renaissance Publishing House, Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  58. Mathew, K. S. 1985 Indian Merchants and the Portuguese Trade on the Malabar Coast during the 16th Century. In Indo-Portuguese History: Old Issues, New Questions, Teotonio R. de Souza, editor, pp. 1–12. Concept, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  59. Mehta, S. D. 1954 The Cotton Mills of India, 1854 to 1954. Textile Association (India), Bombay, India.Google Scholar
  60. Mendiratta, Sidh Losa 2011 New and Old Ideas for Old Goa: The Gracias/Vassalo e Silva Conservation and Musealization Plan of 1959 and Its Aftermath. Paper presented at International Conference: Goa 1961 and Beyond: An Intellectual Appreciation and Celebration of Fifty Years of the Liberation of Goa, Goa, India.Google Scholar
  61. Metcalf, Thomas R. 2002 An Imperial Vision: Indian Architecture and Britain’s Raj. Oxford University Press, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  62. Moreira, Rafael 1995 Goa em 1535: Uma cidade manuelina (Goa in 1535: A Manueline city). Revista da FCSH 2(8):177–221.Google Scholar
  63. Morrison, Kathleen 2002 Pepper in the Hills: Upland-Lowland Exchange and the Intensification of the Spice Trade. In Forager-Traders in South and Southeast Asia: Long-Term Histories, Kathleen Morrison and Laura Lee Junker, editors, pp. 105–128. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Morrison, Kathleen D., and Mark T. Lycett 1997 Inscriptions as Artifacts: Precolonial South India and the Analysis of Texts. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 4(3&4):215–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Oka, Rahul Chandrashekhar 2008 Resilience and Adaptation of Trade Networks in East African and South Asian Port Polities, 1500–1800 CE. Doctoral dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Illinois in Chicago, Chicago. University Microfilms International, Ann Arbor, MI.Google Scholar
  66. Oka, Rahul Chandrashekhar, and Chapurukha M. Kusimba 2008 Siddi as Mercenary or as African Success Story on the West Coast of India. In India in Africa, Africa in India: Indian Ocean Cosmopolitanisms, John C. Hawley, editor, pp. 203–229. Indiana University Press, Bloomington.Google Scholar
  67. Orser, Charles E. 1996 A Historical Archaeology of the Modern World. Springer Science & Business Media, New York, NY.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Parthesius, Robert, Karen Millar, and Bill Jeffery 2005 Preliminary Report on the Excavation of the 17th-Century Anglo-Dutch East-Indiaman Avondster in Bay of Galle, Sri Lanka. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 34(2):216–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Pereira, José 1995 Baroque Goa: The Architecture of Portuguese India. Books & Books, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  70. Posnansky, Merrick, and Christopher R. DeCorse 1986 Historical Archaeology in Sub-Saharan Africa—a Review. Historical Archaeology 20(2):1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Possehl, Gregory L. 1996 Melhua. In The Indian Ocean in Antiquity, Julian E. Reade, editor, pp. 133–208. Kegan Paul International, London, UK.Google Scholar
  72. Preucel, Robert W. 2007 Archaeologies of the Pueblo Revolt: Identity, Meaning, and Renewal in the Pueblo World. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque.Google Scholar
  73. Ray, Himanshu Prabha 2005 The Yavana Presence in India. In Athens, Aden, Arikamedu: Essays on the Interrelations between India, Arabia and the Eastern Mediterranean, Marie-Françoise Boussac and Jean-François Salles, editors, pp. 97–114. South Asia Books, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  74. Ray, Himanshu Prabha, and Jean-François Salles (editors) 1996 Chinese Ceramics of Tamil Nadu and Kerala Coasts. In Tradition and Archaeology: Early Maritime Contacts in the Indian Ocean, pp. 109–114. Manohar, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  75. Rossa, Walter 1995 A Cidade Portuguesa (A Portuguese city). In História da Arte Portuguesa, Paulo Pereira, editor, pp. 233–323. Círculo de Leitores, Lisbon, Portugal.Google Scholar
  76. Rossa, Walter 1997 Cidades Indo-Portuguesas: Contribuições para o Estudo do Urbanismo Português no Hindustão Ocidental (Indo-Portuguese cities: Contributions to the study of Portuguese urbanism in western Hindustan). Commissão Nacional para as Comemorações dos Descobrimentos Portugueses, Lisbon, Portugal.Google Scholar
  77. Rossa, Walter 2012 Goa [Velha Goa/Old Goa]: Historical Background and Urbanism. HPI: Heritage of Portuguese Influence <http://www.hpip.org/def/en/Contents/Navigation/GeographicToponymicNavigation/Place?a=579>. Accessed 18 October 2016.Google Scholar
  78. Rossa, Walter, and Sidh Mendiratta 2008 Ghost Towns: Ruined and Disappeared Portuguese Colonial Settlements in Coastal Maharashtra, India: New Research Results. Paper presented at the 61st Annual Meeting of the Society of Architectural Historians, Cincinnati, OH.Google Scholar
  79. Salles, Jean-François 2012 Hellenistic Seafaring in the Indian Ocean: A Perspective from Arabia. In Tradition and Archaeology: Early Maritime Contacts in the Indian Ocean, Jean-François Salles and Himanshu Prabha Ray, editors, pp. 79–95. Manohar, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  80. Salles, Jean-François, and Himanshu Prabha Ray (editors) 2012 Tradition and Archaeology: Early Maritime Contacts in the Indian Ocean. Manohar, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  81. Santos, Joaquim, and Sidh Mendiratta 2009 Sistemas Defensivos das Ilhas de Tiswadi e Diu (Séc. XVI–XVIII) (Defensive systems of Tiswadi and Diu islands [16th–17th centuries]). CEAMA 5:92–106.Google Scholar
  82. Scarre, Chris, and Judith Roberts 2005 The English Cemetery at Surat: Pre-Colonial Cultural Encounters in Western India. Antiquaries Journal 85(1):251–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Schmidt, Peter 2013 The Play of Tropes in Archaeology. Ethnoarchaeology 2(2):131–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Schuyler, Robert 1978 Historical and Historic Sites Archaeology as Anthropology: Basic Definitions and Relationships. In Historical Archaeology: A Guide to Substantive and Theoretical Contributions, Robert L. Schuyler, editor, pp. 27–31. Baywood, Farmingdale, NY.Google Scholar
  85. Scriver, Peter, and Vikramaditya Prakash (editors) 2007 Colonial Modernities: Building, Dwelling and Architecture in British India and Ceylon. Routledge, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  86. Seetah, Krish 2010 Our Struggle. Shima: The International Journal of Research into Island Cultures 4(1):99–112.Google Scholar
  87. Seetah, Krish 2015a The Archaeology of Mauritius. Antiquity 89(346):922–939.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Seetah, Krish 2015b Objects Past, Objects Present: Materials, Resistance and Memory from the Le Morne Old Cemetery, Mauritius. Journal of Social Archaeology 15(2):233–253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Seetah, Krish, Andrea Balbo, Diego Calaon, Saša Caval, Helen Farr, Aleksander Pluskowski, and M. M. Escobar 2011 The Mauritian Archaeology and Cultural Heritage Project: Exploring the Impact of Colonialism and Colonisation in the Indian Ocean. Antiquity <http://antiquity.ac.uk/projgall/seetah330/>. Accessed 18 October 2016.Google Scholar
  90. Sen, Tansen 2006 The Formation of Chinese Maritime Networks to Southern Asia, 1200–1450. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 49(4):421–453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Sharma, Arun K. 2005 Excavating in a Cave, Cist, and Church. Bharatiya Kala Prakashan, Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  92. Shokoohy, Mehrdad 2013 Muslim Architecture of South India: The Sultanate of Ma’bar and the Traditions of Maritime Settlers on the Malabar and Coromandel Coasts. Reprint of 2003 edition. Routledge, London, UK.Google Scholar
  93. Shokoohy, Mehrdad, and Natalie H. Shokoohy 2010 The Island of Diu, Its Architecture and Historic Remains. South Asian Studies 26(2):161–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Sidebotham, Steven E. 1992 Ports of the Red Sea and the Arabia-India Trade. In Rome and India: The Ancient Sea Trade, Vimala Begley and Richard Daniel De Puma, editors, pp. 12–38. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison.Google Scholar
  95. Silliman, Stephen W. 2008 Lost Laborers in Colonial California: Native Americans and the Archaeology of Rancho Petaluma. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.Google Scholar
  96. Silliman, Stephen W. 2011 Households, Time, and Practice: A Reply to Vitelli. American Antiquity 76(1):190–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Silveira, Angelo Costa 2008 Lived Heritage, Shared Space: The Courtyard House of Goa. Yoda Press, New Delhi, India.Google Scholar
  98. Simpson, Donald 1980 The Treasure in the Vergulde Draeck: A Sample of V. O. C. Bullion Exports in the 17th Century. Great Circle 2(1):13–17.Google Scholar
  99. Sinopoli, Carla M. 2000 From the Lion Throne: Political and Social Dynamics of the Vijayanagara Empire. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 43(3):364–398.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Sinopoli, Carla M. 2003 The Political Economy of Craft Production: Crafting Empire in South India, c. 1350–1650. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Sinopoli, Carla M., Peter G. Johansen, and Kathleen D. Morrison 2009 Changing Cultural Landscapes of the Tungabhadra Valley, South India. In Power and Polities: Archaeological Perspectives on the Landscapes of Early States, Charles L. Redman and Steven E. Falconer, editors, pp. 11–41. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.Google Scholar
  102. Stahl, Ann Brower 2001 Making History in Banda: Anthropological Visions of Africa’s Past. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Subrahmanyam, Sanjay 1990 The Political Economy of Commerce: Southern India, 1500–1650. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Subrahmanyam, Sanjay 1993 The Portuguese Empire in Asia, 1500–1700: A Political and Economic History. Longman, London, UK.Google Scholar
  105. Subrahmanyam, Sanjay, and Christopher A. Bayly 1988 Portfolio Capitalists and the Political Economy of Early Modern India. Indian Economic Social History Review 25(4):401–424.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Subramanian, T., and R. Kannan 2003 Tarangampadi (Tranquebar) Excavation and Conservation Report, 2001–2002. Government of Tamil Nadu, Department of Archaeology, Chennai, India.Google Scholar
  107. Summers, Geoffrey D., and M. E. Françoise Summers 2008 A Note on the Rockcut Ditch on Ile de la Passe, Mauritius. AZANIA: Journal of the British Institute in Eastern Africa 43(1):124–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Tomber, Roberta 2008 Indo-Roman Trade: From Pots to Pepper. Bristol Classical Press, London, UK.Google Scholar
  109. Travers, Robert 2007 Death and the Nabob: Imperialism and Commemoration in Eighteenth-Century India. Past and Present 196(1):83–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Trouillot, Michel-Rolph 2002 North Atlantic Universals: Analytical Fictions, 1492–1945. South Atlantic Quarterly 101(4):839–858.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Voss, Barbara L. 2008 The Archaeology of Ethnogenesis: Race and Sexuality in Colonial San Francisco. University of California Press, Berkley.Google Scholar
  112. Voss, Barbara L. 2010 The Archaeology of Indigenous Heritage at Spanish-Colonial Military Settlements. In Enduring Conquests: Rethinking the Archaeology of Resistance to Spanish Colonialism in the Americas, Matthew Liebmann and Melissa S. Murphy, editors, pp. 243–265. School for Advanced Research, Santa Fe, NM.Google Scholar
  113. Wilcox, David R., David A. Gregory, and J. Brett Hill 2007 Zuni in the Puebloan and Southwestern Worlds. In Zuni Origins: Toward a New Synthesis of Southwestern Archaeology, David A. Gregory and David R. Wilcox, editors, pp. 165–209. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.Google Scholar
  114. Wilkinson, Theon 1984 British Cemeteries in South Asia: An Aspect of Social History. Asian Affairs 15(1):46–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Wilson, Brian C. 2015 In the Shadow of the Cathedral: The Production of Urban Landscapes, Human Environment Interaction, and Ruination in Velha Goa during Portuguese Colonial Occupation. Doctoral dissertation, Department of Anthropology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL. University Microfilms International, Ann Arbor, MI.Google Scholar
  116. Wilson, Brian C., Abhijit Ambekar, and Rohini Pande 2013 Defending the Golden City: Survey and GPS Aided Mapping of the Outer Fortification Wall Surrounding Old Goa. Man and Environment 38(1):90–115.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Society for Historical Archaeology 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian C. Wilson
    • 1
  • Mark W. Hauser
    • 2
  1. 1.The College University of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnthropologyNorthwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA

Personalised recommendations