Spatial Demography

, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 178–194 | Cite as

Assessing the Spatial Concentration and Temporal Persistence of Poverty: Industrial Structure, Racial/Ethnic Composition, and the Complex Links to Poverty

  • Katherine J. CurtisEmail author
  • Perla E. Reyes
  • Heather A. O’Connell
  • Jun Zhu
Open Access


This study assesses the social-structural, spatial, and temporal dimensions of aggregate-level poverty in the US Upper Midwest between 1960 and 2000. Central focus is on the links between local-area poverty, industrial structure and racial/ethnic composition, and the spatial and temporal dimensions of the linkages. During the study period, the region underwent significant industrial restructuring and dramatic change in racial/ethnic concentration. Using newly developed statistical methods for spatial-temporal regression, we explore hypotheses related to the spatial and temporal dimensions of the complex relationship between poverty, industrial structure, and race/ethnicity. Our approach yields reliable and interpretable estimates for structural factors of interest as well as the spatial-temporal autocorrelation structure underlying the data. Results inform theory about the implications of industrial structure and racial/ethnic composition for the concentration and persistence of poverty with clear direction for future research, and contribute to our understanding of the methodological approaches to investigating data that varies by and is dependent on space and time.


County poverty race/ethnicity industrial structure Upper Midwest spatial-temporal autocorrelation maximum likelihood estimation 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, Cham 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katherine J. Curtis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Perla E. Reyes
    • 2
  • Heather A. O’Connell
    • 1
  • Jun Zhu
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Wisconsin-MadisonUSA
  2. 2.Kansas State UniversityUSA

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