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Zum Syndrom des plötzlichen Kindstodes (SIDS) — aktueller Stand der Wissenschaft

  • Evelyn Krieger
  • Stefanie Uibel
  • Daniel Müller
  • David Quarcoo
  • Doris Klingelhöfer
  • Simona Zitnik
  • David A. Groneberg
Übersichtsarbeit | Review

Zusammenfassung

Für das Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), auf deutsch plötzlicher Kindstod, spielen umweltmedizinische Einflüsse eine bedeutende Rolle. So stehen unter der aktuellen Hypothese einer multifaktoriellen Ursachenkette verschiedene Faktoren im Verdacht, als Mitauslöser in Betracht zu kommen. Der plötzliche Kindstod betrifft überwiegend Kinder zwischen dem zweiten und sechsten Lebensmonat, womit das SIDS trotz weitreichender Aufklärungskampagnen und vermehrter Erforschung der Risikofaktoren als häufigste Todesursache bei Säuglingen in Industrienationen gilt. Das SIDS ist noch heute für den Tod von einem pro 2.000 Lebendgeborenen in Deutschland verantwortlich.

Der vorliegende Übersichtsartikel soll die Relevanz des SIDS für das Gesundheitssystem aufzeigen und die bestehende internationale Bedeutung für die Umweltmedizin erläuternd darlegen.

Schlüsselwörter

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome SIDS Plötzlicher Kindstod crib death cot death 

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) — current scientific knowledge

Abstract

For the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), in German “plötzlicher Kindstod”, many important factors of environmental medicine come into play. Diverse factors are suspected of being responsible triggers of this syndrome, so that it is assumed to be of multifactorial occurrence. SIDS affects mostly infants between the age of two and six months and is therefore in spite of extensive awareness raising campaigns and increased research on risk factors still the most common cause of death for infants in developed nations. SIDS is responsible for approximately 1 death per 2,000 live-births in Germany nowadays.

The current review article shall disclose the relevance of the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome on the health care system and explain the existing international importance for environmental medicine.

Key words

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome SIDS cot death crib death 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evelyn Krieger
    • 1
  • Stefanie Uibel
    • 1
  • Daniel Müller
    • 1
  • David Quarcoo
    • 1
  • Doris Klingelhöfer
    • 1
  • Simona Zitnik
    • 1
  • David A. Groneberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Arbeits-, Sozial- und UmweltmedizinGoethe-Universität FrankfurtFrankfurt am MainDeutschland

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