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Disturbi del sonno e sindrome metabolica: quali relazioni eziopatogenetiche?

Proposto da Emanuela Arvat

Riassunto

Nelle ultime decadi si è assistito a un incremento dell’incidenza dei disturbi quali-quantitativi del sonno. Parallelamente è aumentata l’incidenza della sindrome metabolica. Quest’ultimo fenomeno è certamente imputabile in primo luogo a fattori ambientali (iper-alimentazione e sedentarietà) ma numerose evidenze epidemiologiche e sperimentali suggeriscono che i disturbi del sonno possano agire come concausa. Del resto un sonno quantitativamente e qualitativamente adeguato è fondamentale per il mantenimento di un ottimale metabolismo glicidico, dell’integrità dei meccanismi di regolazione dell’appetito e di un normale pattern pressorio. La consapevolezza di una possibile associazione tra i disturbi del sonno e le diverse componenti della sindrome metabolica offre importanti spunti nel campo della prevenzione e del trattamento di queste ultime.

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Correspondence to Fabio Broglio.

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Gigliardi, V.R., Gramaglia, E., Tomelini, M. et al. Disturbi del sonno e sindrome metabolica: quali relazioni eziopatogenetiche?. L’Endocrinologo 13, 132–136 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03345966

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03345966