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Journal of Endocrinological Investigation

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 341–346 | Cite as

Insulin sensitivity and hyperprolactinemia

  • Alparslan Tuzcu
  • M. Bahceci
  • M. Dursun
  • C. Turgut
  • S. Bahceci
Original Article

Abstract

It has been shown that prolactin (PRL) induces glucose intolerance, hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance in several animal species. In women with microprolactinomas, the sensitivity to insulin is lower in hyperprolactinemia than in normoprolactinemia. Thirty non-obese women with hyperprolactinemia and 30 healthy non-obese women were included into the study. Age, body weight (bw), height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, hip circumference and waist to hip ratio of both patients with hyperprolactinemia and control sub-jects were not different. Mean serum prolactin level was higher in hyperprolactinemic patients than in control group (84.5±51.1 ng/ml and 13.8±5.3 ng/ml respectively, p<0.002). Mean HOMA-(%B) index of hyperprolactinemic patients was higher than in control subjects (121±49 and 84±38, respectively, p<0.02). Mean HOMA-(%S) index was lower in hyper-prolactinemic patients (56±39 and 105±55, respectively, p<0.006). Serum total testosterone, free testosterone, androstenedione, estradiol, cortisol, sex hormone binding globulin and DHEA-S levels in both hyperprolactinemic women and healthy subjects, statistically did not show any difference between the two groups. The present data indicate that hyperpro-lactinemia is associated with an insulin-resistant state. This resistant state may not be a result of obesity, androgenic hormones, and SHBG or pregnancy. It may be the result of serum free fatty acids (FFA) levels, decrement in the number of insulin receptors (by a down-regulation of insulin receptors) or post-binding defect in insulin action or more.

Key-words

Hyperprolactinemia insulin resistance HOMA androgenic hormones and obesity 

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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE) 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alparslan Tuzcu
    • 1
  • M. Bahceci
    • 1
  • M. Dursun
    • 2
  • C. Turgut
    • 3
  • S. Bahceci
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Endocrinology and MetabolismUniversity of Dicle, School of MedicineDiyarbakirTurkey
  2. 2.Department of GastroenterologyUniversity of Dicle, School of MedicineDiyarbakirTurkey
  3. 3.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of Dicle, School of MedicineDiyarbakirTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Histology and EmbryologyUniversity of Dicle, School of MedicineDiyarbakirTurkey

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