Advertisement

Noise pollution and its effects on medical care workers and patients in hospitals

  • D. F. Juang
  • C. H. Lee
  • T. Yang
  • M. C. Chang
Article

Abstract

The objectives of this study are to investigate the levels of noise pollution in some hospitals in Taiwan and to study the effects of noise pollution on the physiological and psychological reactions and annoyance response of medical care staff, patients and visitors in these hospitals. An instrument for the measurement of sound level was used and a self-answered survey questionnaire on noise pollution was administered. Results showed that the daily average sound levels measured inside these hospitals during daytime were between 52.6 and 64.6 decibels. These are higher than the current daytime environmental noise limit of 50 decibels in Taiwan. Most nursing staff members expressed that “talking of visitors or patient’s family members” is the major source of noise inside the wards, whereas “talking of visitors or patient’s family members” and “children playing” are the two major noise sources outside the wards. However, most patients or visitors claimed that “doors opening or closing” and “patients moaning or crying” are the two major sources of noise inside the wards. “Footsteps,” “renovation of hospitals,” “talking of visitors or patient’s family members,” “shouting of nursing staff” and “doors opening or closing” are the five major noise sources outside the wards. To conclude, noise pollution inside and outside the wards either directly or indirectly affects, in a simultaneous manner, the subjective perception of noise, emotions, physiology and experience of noise inside and outside the wards of both the medical care staff and the patients and visitors.

Keywords

Ambient noise Annoyance response Sound levels Subjective perception 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allaouchiche, B.; Duflo, F.; Debon, R.; Bergeret, A.; Chassard, D., (2002). Noise in the postanaesthesia care unit. Br. J. Neveau, A. J., (2004). Noise control: A nursing team’s approach to sleep promotion. Am. J. Nurs., 104(2), 40–48 (9 pages).Google Scholar
  2. Freedman, N. S.; Gazendam, J.; Levan, L.; Pack, A. I.; Schwab, R. J., (2001). Abnormal sleep/wake cycles and the effect of environmental noise on sleep disruption in the intensive care unit. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 163(2), 451–457(7 pages).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Freedman, N. S.; Kotzer, N.; Schwab, R. J., (1999). Patient perception of sleep quality and etiology of sleep disruption in the intensive care unit. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 159(4), 1155–1162 (8 pages).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Giardino, D. A.; Durkt, G. Jr., (1996). Evaluation of muff-type hearing protectors as in a working environment. Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J., 57(3), 264–271 (8 pages).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Holmberg, S.; Coon, S., (1999). Ambient sound levels in state psychiatric hospital. Arch. Psychiatr. Nurs., 13(3), 117–126 (10 pages).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ising, H.; Kruppa, B., (2004). Health effects caused by noise: Evidence in the literature from the past 25 years. Noise Health, 6(22), 5–13 (9 pages).Google Scholar
  7. Job, R. F. S., (1996). The influence of subjective reactions to noise on health effects of the noise. Environ. Int., 22(1), 93–104 (12 pages).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Keipert, J. A., (2008). The harmful effects of noise in a children’s ward. J. Paediatr. Child Health, 21(2), 101–103 (3 pages).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kracht, J. M.; Busch-Vishniac, I. J.; West, J. E., (2007). Noise in the operating rooms of Johns Hopkins hospital. J. Acoust. Soc. Am, 121(5), 2673–2680 (8 pages).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Love, H. (2003). Noise exposure in the orthopaedic operating theatre: A significant health hazard. ANZ J.Surg., 73(10), 836–838 (3 pages).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Meyer-Falcke, A., Rack, R., Eichwede, F., Jansing, P. J., (1994). How noisy are anaesthesia and intensive care medicine? Quantification of the patients’ stress. Eur. J. Anaesthesiol., 11(5), 407–411 (5 pages).Google Scholar
  12. Monazzam, M. R.; Nassiri, P., (2009). Performance of profiled vertical reflective parallel noise barriers with quadratic residue diffusers. Int. J. Environ. Res., 3(1), 69–84 (16 pages).Google Scholar
  13. Morrison, W. E.; Haas, E. C.; Shaffer, D. H.; Garett, E. S.; Fackler, J. C., (2003). Noise, stress, and annoyance in a pediatric intensive care unit. Crit. Care Med., 31(1), 113–119 (7 pages).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Nassiri, P.; Golbabai, F., (1993). The effect of noise induced hearing loss on dentists. Med. J. Iran., 7(2), 83–86 (4 pages).Google Scholar
  15. Nicholas, A.; Bach, V.; Tassi, P.; Dewasmes, G.; Erhart, J.; Muzet, A.; Lipert, J. P., (1993). Electroencephalogram and cardiovascular responses to noise during daytime sleep in shift workers. Eur. J. Appl. Physiol. Occup. Physiol., 66(1), 76–84 (9 pages).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Nott, M. R.; West, P. D., (2003). Orthopaedic theatre noise: A potential hazard to patients. Anaesthesia, 58(8), 784–787 (4 pages).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Omidvari, M.; Nouri, J., (2009). Effects of noise pollution on traffic policemen. Int. J. Environ. Res., 3(4), 645–652 (8 pages).Google Scholar
  18. Penney, P. J.; Earl, C. E., (2004). Occupational noise and effects on blood pressure: exploring the relationship of hypertension and noise exposure in workers. Am. Assoc. Occup. Health Nurses J., 52(11), 476–480 (5 pages).Google Scholar
  19. Piccolo, A.; Plutino, G.; Cannistraro, G., (2005). Evaluation and analysis of the environmental noise of Messina, Italy. Appl. Acoust., 66(4), 447–465 (19 pages).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Roozbahani, M. M.; Nassiri, P.; Shalkouhi, P.J., (2009). Risk assessment of workers exposed to noise pollution in a textile plant. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech., 6(4), 591–596 (6 pages).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Selfe, R. W., (1982). The ear and hearing: ear, nose and throat in the workplace. In: Clinical Medicine for the Occupational Physician. Alderman, M. H. and Hanley, M. J., eds., Marcel Dekker, New York: 507–522.Google Scholar
  22. Sobotova, L.; Jurkovicova, J.; Stefanikova, Z.; Sevcikova, L.; Aghova, L., (2007). Noise levels in the hospital environment and health risks. Epidemiology, 18(5), S73.Google Scholar
  23. Soutar, R. L.; Wilson, J.A., (1986). Does hospital noise disturb patientsy Br. Med. J., 6516, 292–305 (14 pages).Google Scholar
  24. Tang, U. W.; Wang, Z. S., (2007). Influences of urban forms on traffic-induced noise and air pollution: Results from a modeling system. Environ. Model. Softw., 22(12), 1750–1764 (15 pages).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ulrich, R.; Zimring, C., (2004). The role of the physical environment in the hospital of the 21st Century: a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. The Center for Health Design, California, USA.Google Scholar
  26. Van Kempen, E. E. M. M.; Kruize, H.; Boshuizen, H. C.; Ameling, C. B.; Staatsen, B. A. M.; de Hollander, A. E. M., (2002). The association between noise exposure and blood pressure and ischemic heart disease: A meta-analysis. Environ. Health Perspect., 110(3), 307–317 (11 pages).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Willett, K. M., (1991). Noise-induced hearing loss in orthopaedic staff. J. Bone Joint Surg., 73-B(1), 113–115 (3 pages).Google Scholar
  28. Yildirim, I.; Kilinc, M.; Okur, E.; Inanc Tolun, F.; Kilic, M. A.; Kurutas, E. B.; Ekerbicer, H.C., (2007). The effects of noise on hearing and oxidative stress in textile workers. Ind. Health, 45(6), 743–749 (7 pages).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. F. Juang
    • 1
  • C. H. Lee
    • 1
  • T. Yang
    • 1
  • M. C. Chang
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Health Business AdministrationMeiho UniversityKaohsiungTaiwan
  2. 2.Longcyuan Veterans HospitalNeipuTaiwan

Personalised recommendations