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Validity of the Eating Attitudes Test: A study of Mexican eating disorders patients

  • G. Alvarez-Rayón
  • J. M. Mancilla-Díaz
  • R. Vázquez-Arévalo
  • C. Unikel-Santoncini
  • A. Caballero-Romo
  • D. Mercado-Corona
Original Research Paper

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Mexican version of the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-40) in clinical and control populations in Mexico City. Method: 276 female patients with eating disorders [52 with anorexia nervosa (AN), 102 with bulimia nervosa (BN) and 122 with eating disorders not otherwise specified (EDNOS)] and a comparison group of 280 normal control female subjects completed the EAT. Results: The EAT had an adequate level of internal consistency in the clinical sample (Cronbach’s alpha=0.90). Total score was significantly correlated with criterion group membership (r=0.77, p≤0.0001), suggesting a high level of concurrent validity. There was a small overlap in the frequency distribution of the 2 groups (eating disorders and control) and only 6% of the normal controls scored as high as lowest anorexic and bulimic patients. The factorial analysis yielded five factors accounting for 46.6% of total variance: 1) Dietary restraint, 2) Bulimia, 3) Drive of thinness, 4) Food preoccupation and 5) Perceived social pressure. Conclusions: This study provides evidence that the Mexican version of the EAT is an economical, reliable and potentially useful instrument for research in this field.

Key words

Eating disorders psychometric properties EAT-40 

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Copyright information

© Editrice Kurtis 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Alvarez-Rayón
    • 1
  • J. M. Mancilla-Díaz
    • 1
  • R. Vázquez-Arévalo
    • 1
  • C. Unikel-Santoncini
    • 2
  • A. Caballero-Romo
    • 2
  • D. Mercado-Corona
    • 3
  1. 1.Nutrition Research Department, FES IztacalaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMéxico
  2. 2.National Institute of PsychiatryUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMéxico
  3. 3.Psychology SchoolUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMéxico

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