Oral health status of children with autistic disorder in Chennai

Abstract

AIM: To assess the oral health status of autistic children in Chennai. DESIGN AND METHODS: Oral health status was assessed for 483 children with autism, solicited from special education schools, autistic child centres and therapy centres. Conditions assessed were plaque accumulation, gingival health, dental caries, malocclusion, developmental anomalies, oral injuries and restorations. STATISTICS: Chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests of significance were used to compare groups. Proportions testwas used to compare the significance of the parameters between boys and girls. RESULTS: Autistic children with primary dentition showed significantly higher incidence of dental caries (24%), when compared to other oral conditions. Children with mixed dentition had more gingivitis (50%) and children with permanent dentition had more gingivitis (48.96%) and malocclusion (71.15%). All the oral conditions were seen more in boys than girls. CONCLUSION: Autistic children have significantly poor oral hygiene and higher incidence of malocclusion and dental caries when compared to other oral conditions.

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Correspondence to Dr. C. Vishnu Rekha.

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Rekha, C.V., Arangannal, P. & Shahed, H. Oral health status of children with autistic disorder in Chennai. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 13, 126–131 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03262858

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Keywords

  • Autism
  • oral health
  • gingivitis
  • dental caries
  • malocclusion