BACKGROUND: The idea of substituting a drill with a laser light, has led to its introduction in dentistry. Besides being more accepted to patients, in paediatric dentistry the laser has demonstrated safety compared with rotating instruments. REVIEW: A review of the past 20 years of the dental literature concerning laser use in dentistry, including paediatric dentistry was completed. The findings of that review are presented. TECHNIQUES: The various types of lasers and their uses for caries detection, tooth sealing and caries removal are described. RESULTS: Laser caries detection demonstrated a good reproducibility, reliability and predictability to monitor the caries process over time. Erbium lasers have been found to be efficient for caries removal, tooth cleaning and decontamination. CONCLUSION: The laser erbium technology represents a safe device to effectively and selectively remove carious tissues from decayed teeth. For children, all the recognized advantages of this technique play a decisive role in the successful day-to-day treatment of dental caries.
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Olivi, G., Genovese, M.D. Laser restorative dentistry in children and adolescents. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 12, 68–78 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03262782
- laser fluorescence
- cavity preparation