Healthy Diet to Prevent Cardiovascular Diseases and Osteoporosis

The Experience of the ‘ProSa’ Project
  • Roberto Volpe
  • Gianluca Sotis
  • Roberto Gavita
  • Stefania Urbinati
  • Sabrina Valle
  • Maria Grazia Modena
Review Article


The ProSa (PROmozione e tutela della SAlute) Project (‘Health Promotion Project’) is a workplace programme geared to promote health among the Roman staff of the National Research Council of Italy. 789 employees of both genders (450 men, 339 women) have participated in the cardiovascular prevention programme (screening, computerized calculation of the risk level, dietary and pharmacological intervention) and 245 women have participated in the osteoporosis programme (calcaneal ultrasonometer test, dietary and pharmacological intervention).

Menopause increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and osteoporosis. In order to lower dietary fat content, dietary intake of calcium and vitamin D could be reduced. However, supplementation of both may not be necessary if we follow an integrated dietary approach. Therefore, for women in menopause with mixed hyperlipidaemia (hypercholesterolaemia and/or hypertriglyceridaemia) and/or overweight/obesity, dietary intervention was aimed at promoting the choice of foods low in fats and rich in calcium based on a list of recommended products distributed to all the participants. The dietary intervention was accompanied by a programme of regular physical activity with adequate exposure to sunlight.

By following a balanced diet it is possible to improve the prognosis not only for hyperlipidaemic patients, but also for patients with signs of osteopaenia or osteoporosis.

key words

workplace medicine cardiovascular prevention osteoporosis calcium balanced diet 



Funding from the National Research Council of Italy was received for the conduct of this study. No funding has been received for the preparation of this manuscript. The authors do not have any conflicts of interest directly relevant to the contents of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberto Volpe
    • 1
  • Gianluca Sotis
    • 1
  • Roberto Gavita
    • 1
  • Stefania Urbinati
    • 1
  • Sabrina Valle
    • 2
  • Maria Grazia Modena
    • 3
  1. 1.Prevention and Safety DepartmentNational Research Council of Italy (CNR)RomeItaly
  2. 2.Agency for Public HealthRomeItaly
  3. 3.Cardiology DepartmentUniversity of Modena and Reggio EmiliaModenaItaly

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