On the use of genuine-impostor statistical information for score fusion in multimodal biometrics/sur l’usage de l’information statistioue client-imposteur pour la fusion des scores en biométrie multimodale

Sur l’usage de l’information statistique client-imposteur pour la fusion des scores en biométrie multimodale

Abstract

Matching score level fusion techniques in multimodal person verification conventionally use global score statistics in the normalization and fusion stages. In this paper, novel normalization and fusion methods are presented to take advantage of the separate statistics of the monomodal scores in order to reduce the genuine and impostor pdf lobe overlapping and improve the verification rate. Joint mean normalization is an affine transformation that normalizes the mean of the monomodal biometrics scores separately for the genuine and impostor individuals. Histogram equalization is used to align the statistical distribution of the monomodal scores and make the whole separate statistics comparable. The presented weighting fusion methods have been designed to minimize the variances of the separate multimodal statistics and reduce the multimodal pdf lobe overlapping. The results obtained in speech and face scores fusion upon polycost and xm2vts databases show that the proposed techniques provide better results than the conventional methods.

Résumé

Les techniques de fusion au niveau des degrés de pertinence dans la vérification multimodale de personnes utilisent conventionnellement des statistiques globales de perticence pour les étapes de normalisation et de fusion. Dans le présent article, de nouvelles méthodes de normalisation et de fusion sont présentées pour profiter des statistiques séparées des pertinences monomodales en vue de réduire la superposition des densités de probabilité de client et d’imposteur et d’améliorer le taux de vérification. La normalisation conjointe de la moyenne est une transformation affine qui normalise la moyenne des qualifications biométriques monomodales séparément pour les individus client et imposteur. L’égalisation de l’histogramme est utilisée pour aligner la distribution statistique des pertinences monomodales et peut rendre comparables les statistiques complètes séparées. Les présentes méthodes de fusion avec pondération on été conçues de façon à minimiser les variances des statistiques multimodales séparées et réduire la superposition des densités de probabilité multimodales. Les résultats obtenus dans la fusion de pertinences pour voix et visage avec les bases de données polycost et xm2vts démontrent que la normalisation proposée et les techniques de fusion produisent de meilleurs résultats que les méthodes conventionnelles.

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Correspondence to Pascual Ejarque.

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Ejarque, P., Garde, A., Anguita, J. et al. On the use of genuine-impostor statistical information for score fusion in multimodal biometrics/sur l’usage de l’information statistioue client-imposteur pour la fusion des scores en biométrie multimodale. Ann. Telecommun. 62, 109–129 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03253252

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Key words

  • Biometrics
  • Comparative study
  • Mixed method
  • Statistical method
  • Histogram
  • Experimental study
  • Speaker recognition
  • Image recognition
  • Face
  • Data fusion.

Mots clés

  • Biométrie
  • Étude comparative
  • Méthode mixte
  • Méthode statistique
  • Histogramme
  • Étude expérimentale
  • Reconnaissance locuteur
  • Reconnaissance image
  • Visage
  • Fusion d’informations.