The determination of nandrolone and its major metabolites in urine of a healthy volunteer is typically performed by fused-silica capillary column gas chromatography with electron impact quadropole mass spectrometry. Two well-known urinary metabolites of nandrolone, 19-norandrosterone and 19-norethiocholanolone, were isolated by XAD-2 adsorption from urine, eluted with methanol and separated into unconjugated and conjugated fractions. The conjugated fraction was hydrolyzed with β-glucuronidase fromEscherichia coli and the samples derivatized with MSTFA/ammonium iodide/dithioerythritol. Ion fragmentograms of thebis-trimethylsilyl derivatives of nandrolone and its metabolites displayed molecular ions of M+=420 and M+−15=405. Extraction yield and the minimum detection limit of nandrolone in urine were identified. Finally, excretion rates of nandrolone and its metabolites in urine were determined.
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Özer, D., Temìzer, A. The determination of nandrolone and its metabolites in urine by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Eur. J. Drug Metab. Pharmacokinet. 22, 421–425 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03190980