Proceedings: Animal Sciences

, Volume 94, Issue 4, pp 359–375 | Cite as

Functional morphology of air-breathing fishes: A review

  • Hiran M Dutta
  • J S Datta Munshi


This review of the air-breathing fishes deals with morphology, histochemical analyses of respiratory membrane and muscles, morphometrics and development of respiratory organs, hematology and other blood parameters, oxygen uptake by gills and skin, physiological and behavioural aspects, ecology and effects of pollutants on the morphology and behaviour. The scientific significance and application of the studies of functional morphology and physiology in understanding the alteration caused by pollutants have also been elucidated.


Air-breathing fishes morphology hematology histochemistry morphometrics physiology behaviour pollutants 


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiran M Dutta
    • 1
  • J S Datta Munshi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesKent State UniversityKentUSA
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyBhagalpur UniversityBhagalpurIndia

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