Proceedings: Animal Sciences

, Volume 94, Issue 2, pp 161–167 | Cite as

Influence of food plants on the food utilization and chemical composition ofHenosepilachna septima (Coleoptera: coccinellidae)

  • G Ganga
  • J Sulochana Chetty
  • R Senthamil Selvi
  • T Manoharan


Influence of three food plants,viz Memordica charantia, Luffa acutangula, andTrichosanthus anguina on the food utilization and chemical composition ofHenosepilachna septima has been studied. The rate of conversion and conversion efficiencies were higher inT. anguina fed beetles. The rate of conversion was positively correlated with the protein content of the food plants. The organic constituents ofH. septima specially protein and lipid increased when fed on the different food plants. Greater increase of all the organic constituents occurred when the insect was fed on the nutrient richT. anguina than when fed on other food plants.


Food plants food utilization chemical composition Henosepilachna septima 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Babu M H, Bhattacharya A K and Rathore Y S 1979 Rate of intake, growth and digestibility of three lepidopterous insects on Soybean and green gram;Z. Ang. Entomol. 87 322–327Google Scholar
  2. Bailey C G and Mukerji M K 1976 Consumption and utilization of various host plants byMelanoplus bivittatus andM. femurrubrum;Can. J. Zool. 54 1044–1050CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beck S D 1965 Resistance of plants to insects;Ann. Rev. Entomol. 10 207–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bhat N S and Bhattacharya A K 1978 Consumption and utilization of soybean bySpodoptera litura at different temperatures;Indian J. Entomol. 40 16–25Google Scholar
  5. Bragdon J H 1951 Colorimetric determination of blood lipids;J. Biol. Chem. 190 513–517PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Dhandapani N and Balasubramanian M 1980 Consumption and utilization of different food plants byHeliothis armigera;Entomon 5 99–103Google Scholar
  7. Duodu Y A and Biney F F 1981 Growth, food consumption and food utilization ofSpodoptera littoralis on four food plants;Bull. Entomol. Res. 71 655–662CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ganga G and Meenakshi Nagappan 1983 Feeding and food utilization by the beetleHenosepilachna vigintioctopunctata on different host plants;Indian J. Exp. Biol. 21 33–36Google Scholar
  9. Hoekstra A and Beenakkers A M Th 1976 Consumption, digestion and utilization of various grasses by fifth instar larvae and adults of the migratory locust;Entomol. Exp. appl. 19 130–138CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Keller J C, Maxwell F G, Jenkins J N and Davich T B A 1963 A boll weevil attractant from cotton;J. Econ. Entomol. 55 800–801Google Scholar
  11. Latheef M A and Harcourt D G 1972 Quantitative study of food consumption, assimilation and growth inLepitnotarsa decembinea on two host plants;Can. Entomol. 104 1271–1278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lowry O H, Rosebrough N J, Farr A L and Randal R T 1951 Protein measurement with folin phenol reagent;J. Biol. Chem. 193 265–275PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Manoharan T, Chockalingam S and Noorjahan A 1982 Consumption and utilization of food plants byEuproctis fraterna;Indian J. Ecol. 9 88–92Google Scholar
  14. Mary Saroja Y 1982Studies on feeding behaviour of two closely related pests of cucurbitaceae M.Phil dissertation, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  15. Mathavan S and Bhaskaran R 1975 Food selection and utilization in a Danid butterfly;Oecologla 18 155–162Google Scholar
  16. Mukerji M K and LeRoux E J 1969 A study on energetics ofPodisus maculiventris;Can. Entomol. 104 1271–1278Google Scholar
  17. Muthukrishnan J, Mathavan S and Navarathina Jothi V 1978 Effects of restriction of feeding duration on food utilization, emergence and silk production;Monit. Zool Ital. 12 87–94Google Scholar
  18. Muthukrishnan J and Rajeeya A M 1979 Effect of food quality on food utilization inPeriplaneta americana;Indian J. Anim. Res. 13 98–102Google Scholar
  19. Nettles W C, Parro B, Sharbaugh and Mangum C L 1971 Trehalose and other carbohydrates inAnthonomus grandis, Heliothis zea andH. virescens during growth and development;J. Insect Physiol. 17 657–675CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Onuf C P 1977 Nutritive values as a factor in plant-insect interactions with an emphasis on field studiesSymp. on arboreal folivores, Fort Royal, Va (1975). National Zoological Park-Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  21. Petrusewicz K and Macfadyen A 1970Productivity of terrestrial animals, principles and methods IBP Handbook. No. 13. Black Well Publ. Oxford, pp. 190Google Scholar
  22. Ramdev Y P and Rao P J 1979 Consumption and utilization of castor,Ricinus communis by castor semilooper,Achaea janata; Indian J. Entomol. 41 260–266Google Scholar
  23. Schramm U 1972 Temperature-food interactions in herbivorous insects;Oecologia 9 399–402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Seifter S, Dayton S, Novic B and Muntwyler E 1950 The estimation of glycogen with the anthrone reagent;Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 25 190–200Google Scholar
  25. Senthamil Selvi R 1982Effect of different quality protein diets in the organic constituents of the cockroach Periplaneta americana M.Sc. Dissertation submitted to Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  26. Singh J S, Singhal R N and Vats L K 1975 Food consumption partitioning and ecological efficiencies in adultPoecilocerus pictus;Trop. Ecol. 16 171–181Google Scholar
  27. Singhal R N, Vats L K and Singh J S 1976 Food energy budget for the A K grasshopper,Poecilocerus pictus;Indian J. Ecol. 3 119–124Google Scholar
  28. Slansky F and Feeny P 1977 Stabilization of the rate of nitrogen accumulation by larvae of the cabbage butterfly on wild and cultivated food plants;Ecol. Monogr. 47 209–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. SooHoo C F and Fraenkel G 1966 The consumption, digestion and utilization of food plants by a polyphagous insect,Prodenia eridania;J. Insect Physiol. 12 711–730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Subbiah G N, Vaidehi R and Pandimuthu P 1981 Studies on some aspects of nutrition ofPeriplaneta americana;Comp. Physiol. Ecol. 4 296–298Google Scholar
  31. Tate L G and Wimer L T 1974 Incorporation of C14 from glucose into LO2, chitin, lipid, and protein and soluble carbohydrate during metamorphosis of the blowflyPhormia regina;Insect Biochem. 4 85–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Taylor W E and Bardner R 1968 Leaf injury and food consumption by larvae ofPhaeclos coctoleariae andPlutella maculipennis feeding on turnip and radish;Entomol. Exp. Appl. 11 177–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Waldbauer G P 1964 The consumption, digestion and utilization of solanaceous and non-solanaceous plants by larvae of toleacco hornworm,Protoparce sexta;Entomol. Exp. Appl. 7 253–269CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Waldbauer G P 1968 The consumption and utilization of food by insects;Adv. Insect Physiol. 5 229–288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Yadava P S, Vats L K and Kaushal B R 1979 Food consumption, assimilation and growth in the larvae ofPieris brassicae;J. Anim. Morphoi Physiol. 26 257–264Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • G Ganga
    • 1
  • J Sulochana Chetty
    • 1
  • R Senthamil Selvi
    • 1
  • T Manoharan
    • 1
  1. 1.Zoological Research LaboratoryThiagarajar CollegeMaduraiIndia

Personalised recommendations