Advertisement

Proceedings: Animal Sciences

, Volume 93, Issue 4, pp 397–406 | Cite as

Plant virus diseases transmitted by whiteflies in Karnataka

  • V Muniyappa
  • G K Veeresh
Article

Abstract

Whiteflies (Bemisia tabaci) transmitted yellow mosaic, yellow vein mosaic and leaf curl diseases of economically important crops. Horsegram yellow mosaic virus and cowpea mild mottle virus have been isolated and characterised in India. Except these two viruses the causal agents of other whitefly transmitted diseases are not known.

Keywords

Whitefly Bemisia tabaci yellow mosaic yellow vein mosaic leaf curl gemini-virus horsegram yellow mosaic virus cowpea mild mottle virus ELISA 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bird J and Maramorosch K 1978 Viruses and diseases associated with whiteflies;Adv. Virus Res. 22 55–109CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Butter N S and Rataul H S 1981 Control strategies in whitefly borne viruses—a review;Pestology 5 (12) 7–14Google Scholar
  3. Costa A S 1976 Whitefly transmitted diseases;Ann. Rev. Phytopathol. 14 429–449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Duffus J E and Flock R A 1982 Whitefly transmitted disease complex of the desert southwest;Calif. Agric. 36 4–6Google Scholar
  5. GovinduJI C1964 A review on virus diseases of crop plants. Information Pamphlet No. 2 (Research Series). Directorate of Agriculture, Bangalore. 13 ppGoogle Scholar
  6. Goodman R M and Irwin M E 1981 Whitefly transmitted viruses in tropical agriculture (abstract), inInternational workshop on pathogens transmitted by whiteflies July 31, (Oxford: Association of Applied Biologists, Wellesbourne)Google Scholar
  7. Hildebrand E M 1959 A whiteflyTrialeurodes abutilonea an insect vector of sweet potato feathery mottle in Maryland;Plant Dis. Rep. 43 712–714Google Scholar
  8. Iizuka N, Rajeshwari R, Reddy DVR, Goto T, Muniyappa V, Bharathan N and Ghanekar A M 1984 Natural occurrence of cowpea mild mottle virus on groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) in India;Phytopathol. Z. 108 (in press)Google Scholar
  9. Jagadishchandra K, Sastry K S and Bhupal Rao J V R 1979 Screening ofUasminwn species against yellow ring mosaic virus;Curr. Sci. 48 77–78Google Scholar
  10. Kallesh H G, Shashidhar H E, Muniyappa V and Shivashankar G 1983 Resistance to horsegram yellow mosaic virus in horsegram (abstract);Virology Conference, December 19-20, Hissar. p. 23Google Scholar
  11. Maramorosch K and Muniyappa V 1981 Whitefly transmitted plant disease agents in Karnataka, India. InInternational workshop on pathogens transmitted by whiteflies. July 31, (Oxford: Association of Applied Biologists, Wellesbourne)Google Scholar
  12. Muniyappa V 1980 Whiteflies. InVectors of plant pathogens (eds) K F Harris and K Maramorosch (New York: Academic Press) pp. 39–85Google Scholar
  13. Muniyappa V 1983 Epidemiology of yellow mosaic disease of horsegram (Macrotyloma uniflorum) in southern India. InPlant Virus Epidemiology (eds) R T Plumb and J M Thresh (Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications) pp. 331–335Google Scholar
  14. Muniyappa V and Chandrashekaraiah S C 1980 Response ofDolichos lab-lab germplasm collections to yellow mosaic disease;Curr. Res. 9 203–204Google Scholar
  15. Muniyappa V and Reddy D V R 1983 Transmission of cowpea mild mottle virus byBemisia tabaci in a non-persistant manner;Plant Dis. 67 391–393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Muniyappa V and Reddy H R 1976 Studies on the yellow mosaic disease of horsegram (Dolichos biflorus Linn.). I. Virus vector relationships;Mysore J. Agric. Sci. 10 605–610Google Scholar
  17. Muniyappa V and Reddy H R 1979Indigofera hirsuta a natural reservoir of horsegram yellow mosaic;Madras Agric. J. 60 350Google Scholar
  18. Muniyappa V and Saikia A K 1983 Prevention of the spread of tomato leaf curl disease (Abstract);Indian Phytopathol. 36 183Google Scholar
  19. Muniyappa V, Chandrashekaraiah S C and Shivashankar G 1979 Horsegram cultures tolerant to yellow mosaic;Indian J. Genet. Plant Breeding 38 148Google Scholar
  20. Muniyappa V, Reddy H R and Mustak Ali T M 1978 Studies on the yellow mosaic disease of horsegram (Dolichos biflorus). IV. Epidemiology of the disease;Mysore J. Agric. Sci. 12 277–279Google Scholar
  21. Muniyappa V, Reddy H R and Shivashankar G 1975 Yellow mosaic disease ofDolichos biflorus Linn. (horsegram);Curr. Res. 4 176Google Scholar
  22. Muniyappa V, Reddy H R and Shivashankar G 1976a Studies on the yellow mosaic disease of horsegram (Dolichos biflorus Linn.). II. Host range studies;Mysore J. Agric. Sci. 10 611–614Google Scholar
  23. Muniyappa V, Reddy H R and Shivashankar G 1976b Studies on the yellow mosaic disease of horsegram (Macrotyloma uniflorum syn. Dolichos biflorus). III. Evaluation of germaplasm for the disease;Curr. Res. 5 52–53Google Scholar
  24. Muniyappa V, Setty B A S and Shivashankar G 1977 Reaction ofPhaseolus species to horsegram yellow mosaic;Indian J. Genet. Plant Breeding 37 488–490Google Scholar
  25. Muniyappa V, Gururaja Rao M R, Ravi K S and Shivashankar G 1984 The natural occurrence of a yellow mosaic disease of bambara groundnut (Voandzeia subterranea) transmitted by whiteflies;Int. J. Trop. Plant Dis. 2 (in press)Google Scholar
  26. Muniyappa V, Rajeshwari R, Bharathan N and Sundaresh N 1983a Cowpea mild mottle virus in soybean in India.4th Int. Plant Pathol. Cong., Melbourne August 17-24. Abstract No. 126. pp. 32Google Scholar
  27. Muniyappa V, Reddy H R, Shivashankar G and Sreekantaradhya R 1976c Varietal response of greengram (Phaseolus aureus Roxb.) to the greengram yellow mosaic disease;Curr. Res. 5 100–101Google Scholar
  28. Muniyappa V, Viswanath S R, Sigamani N and Sundaresh H N 1983b Resistance source for yellow mosaic of soybean (Abstract);Ann. Conf. Soc. Mycol. Plant Pathol. April 18–22, BangaloreGoogle Scholar
  29. Nagaraj N C 1982Studies on horsegram (Macrotyloma uniflorum) yellow mosaic disease. M.Sc. (Agric.) Thesis, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore. 125 ppGoogle Scholar
  30. Nagaraj N C, Muniyappa V and Satyan B A1980 Resistance source for mungbean yellow mosaic virusProc. Natl. Sem. Dis. Res. Crop Plants, Coimbatore 69–72Google Scholar
  31. Nene Y L 1972 A survey of viral diseases of pulse crops in U.P. G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology. 191 ppGoogle Scholar
  32. Sastry K S and Vasanthakumar T 1981 Yellow mosaic of Patchouli (Pogostemon patchouli) in India;Curr. Sci. 50 767–768Google Scholar
  33. Sastry K S, Sastry KSM and Singh S J 1974 Influence of different insecticides on tomato leaf curl incidence in the field;Pesticides 8 41–42Google Scholar
  34. Sastry KSM and Singh S J 1971 Effect of different insecticides on the control of whitefly (Bemisia tabaci Genn.) population in tomato crop and the incidence of the tomato leaf curl virus;Indian J. Hortic. 28 304–309Google Scholar
  35. Sastry K S and Singh S J 1973 Assessment of losses in tomato by tomato leaf curl virus;Indian J. Mycol. Plant Pathol. 3 50–54Google Scholar
  36. Sastry K S M and Singh S J 1974 Control of the spread of the tomato leaf curl virus by controlling the whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) population;Indian J. Hortic. 31 178–181Google Scholar
  37. Sastry KSM, Singh S J and Sastry K S 1976 Density of plant population together with the application of insecticides in relation to the incidence of tomato leaf curl virus;Indian J. Mycol. Plant Pathol. 6 8–13Google Scholar
  38. Sastry K S M, Singh S J and Sastry K S 1977 Effect of border cropping and the use of insecticides in relation to the incidence of tomato leaf curl virus (TLCV);Indian J. Hortic. 34 319–322Google Scholar
  39. Sastry KSM, Singh S J and Sastry K S 1978a Studies on the epidemiology of tomato leaf curl virus;Indian J. Hortic. 35 269–277Google Scholar
  40. Sastry KSM, Singh S J and Sastry K S 1978b Efficacy of krishi oil in relation to the control of whitefly population and the spread of tomato leaf curl virus (TLCV);Pesticides 12 28–29Google Scholar
  41. Satyan B A, Prakash K S, Muniyappa V, Shivashankar G and Gopala Reddy P 1983 Incorporation of yellow mosaic resistance in mungbean through interspecific hybridization.XV. International Congress of Genetics, New Delhi, December 12-21, Part II. Abstract No. 1097. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co., New Delhi.Google Scholar
  42. Seetharama Reddy K 1978Studies on leaf curl virus disease of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Ph.D. thesis. University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore. 134 pp.Google Scholar
  43. Seetharama Reddy K and Yaraguntaiah R C 1981a Virus-vector relationships in leaf curl disease of tomato;Indian Phytopathol. 34 310–313Google Scholar
  44. Seetharama Reddy K and Yaraguntaiah R C 1981b Effect of granular insecticides on the tomato leaf curl virus disease;Indian Phytopathol. 34 291–295Google Scholar
  45. Seetharama Reddy K, Yaraguntaiah R C and Sastry K S 1981 Strains of leaf curl virus of tomato in India;Z. Pflanzenkr. Pflanzenschutz 88 400–404Google Scholar
  46. Singh S J 1980 Studies on epidemiology of yellow vein mosaic virus of okra;Indian J. My col Plant Patho. 10 35Google Scholar
  47. Singh S J, Sastry K S and Sastry KSM 1977 Yellow vein mosaic of bhendi (okra) and methods to control;Indian Hortic. 22 14–15Google Scholar
  48. Singh SJ, Sastry KS and Sastry KSM 1979a Combat leaf curl virus disease of chilli;Indian Hortic. 24 9–10Google Scholar
  49. Singh S J, Sastry K S and Sastry KSM 1979b Efficacy of different insecticides and oil on the control of leaf curl virus disease of chillies;Z. Pflanzenkr. Pflanzenschutz 86 253–256Google Scholar
  50. Singh S J, Sastry K S and Sastry K S M 1981 Field tests with insecticides and mineral oil for the protection in french beans from yellow mosaic virus disease;Gartenbau Wissenschaft 46 88–90Google Scholar
  51. Singh S J, Sastry K S M and Sastry K S 1975a Effect of oil spray on the control of tomato leaf curl virus in field;Indian J. Agric. Sci. 43 669–672Google Scholar
  52. Singh S J, Sastry KSM and Sastry K S 1975b Effect of alternate spraying of insecticides and oil on the incidence of tomato leaf curl virus;Pesticides 9 45–46Google Scholar
  53. Thirumulachar M J, Govindu H C and Yaraguntaiah R C 1973 Chemotherapeutic control of tomato leaf curl virus disease;Indian Phytopathol 26 330–332Google Scholar
  54. Varma P M 1963 Transmission of plant viruses by whiteflies;Bull Nat. Inst. Sci. India No.24, 11–33Google Scholar
  55. Yaraguntaiah R C and Govindu H C 1964 Virus disease ofDolichos lab-lab var.typicum from Mysore;Curr. Sci. 33 721–722Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • V Muniyappa
    • 1
  • G K Veeresh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant Pathology and EntomologyUniversity of Agricultural SciencesHebbalIndia

Personalised recommendations