Rapid monotectic solidification during free fall in a drop tube
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Droplets of Ni-31.4%Pb monotectic alloy with different sizes are rapidly solidified during free fall in a drop tube. The theoretical calculations indicate that the undercooling was achieved before solidification exponentially depends on droplet diameter. The maximum undercooling of 241 K (0.15Tm) is obtained in the experiments. With the increase of undercooling, the volume fraction of monotectic cells increases, and the L2(Pb) grains are refined. Calculations of the nucleation rates of L2(Pb) and α-Ni phases indicate that L2(Pb) phase acts as the leading nucleation phase during the monotectic transformation.
Keywordsmonotectic solidification high undercooling containerless processing low gravity
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