Journal of Visualization

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 259–266 | Cite as

Investigation on the respiratory airflow in human airway by PIV

  • Kim S. K. Email author
  • Chung S. K. 
Regular Paper


The creation of the accurate transparent flow passage is essential to analyze the flow inward a geometrically complex flow passage like human airway by PIV. We established the procedure to create a transparent box containing a model of the human airway for PIV measurements. A flow passage includes the whole human upper airway, nasal cavities, larynx, trachea, and 2 generations of bronchi. The phase averaged mean and RMS velocity distributions in sagittal and coronal planes are obtained for 7 phases in a respiratory period by tomographic PIV. Some physiologic conjectures are obtained. The main stream went through the backside of larynx and trachea in inspiration and the frontal side in expiration.


Tomographic PIV Biomedical flow Human airway CT Physical Model 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Cheng, K.H., Cheng, Y.S., Yeh, H.C., Swift, D.L., (1997) Measurements of Airway Dimensions and Calculation of Mass Transfer Characteristics of the Human Oral Passage, Trans. ASME, Vol. 119, 476–482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Chung, S.K., Son, Y. R., Shin, S.J., Kim, S.K., (2006) Nasal airflow during respiratory cycle, American J. Rhinology, Vol. 20, No. 4, 379–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chung, S.K., Kim, S.K., (2008) Digital particle image velocimetry studies of nasal airflow, Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, Vol. 163, 111–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Comer, J.K., Kleinstreuer, C., Zhang, Z., (2001) Flow structures and particle deposition patterns in double-bifurcation airway models, J. Fluid Mech., Vol. 435, 25–54zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  5. Doorly, D.J., Franke, V., Gambarruto, A., Taylor, D.J., Schroter, R.C. (2006) Nasal airflow: computational and experimental modeling, 5th World congress of Biomechanics, Munich, S270Google Scholar
  6. Hart D.P., “PIV error correction”, Experiments in Fluids 29 (2000) 13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Heeman, A.F., Matida, E., Pollard, A., Finlay, W.H., (2003) Experimental measurements and computational modeling of the flow field in an idealized human oropharynx, Experiments in Fluids, Vol. 35, 70–84CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hess, M.M., Lampercht, J., Horlitz, S. (1992) Experimentelle Untersuchung der Strombahnen in der Nasenhaupthoehle des Menschen am Nasen-Modell, Laryngo-Rhino-Otol. 71, 468–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hopkins, L.M., Kelly, J.T., Wexler, A.S., Prasad, A.K. (2000), “Particle image velocimetry measurements in complex geometries,” Exp. Fluids 29, 91–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Johnstone, A., Uddin, M., Pollard, A., Heeman, W.H., Finlay, (2004) The flow inside an idealized form of the human extra-thoracic airway, Experiments in Fluids, Vol. 37, 673–689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kim, J.S., Sung, J., Kim, S., Kim, J.S., (2008) PIV Measurements on the Charge of the Three-Dimensional Wake Structures by an Air Spoiler of a Road Vehicle, Journal of Visualization,Vol. 11, No. 1, 45–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kim, S.K., (2001) An Experimental Study of Developing and Fully Developed Flows in a Wavy Channel by PIV, KSME international journal, Vol. 15, No. 12, 1853–1859Google Scholar
  13. Kim, S.K., Son, Y.R., (2002) Particle Image Velocimetry Measurements in Nasal Airflow, Trans. KSME B, Vol. 26, No. 6, 566–569.Google Scholar
  14. Kim, S.K., Huh, J.R., (2004) An Investigation on Airflow in Abnormal Nasal Cavity by PIV, Journal of Visualization, Vol. 6 No. 4, 274–281Google Scholar
  15. Kim, S.K., Son, Y.R., (2004) An Investigation on Airflows in Abnormal Nasal Cavity with Adenoid Vegetation by Particle Image Velocimetry, KSME International Journal, Vol. 18, No. 10. 1799–1808MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  16. Kim, S.K., Son, Y.R., (2004) An Investigation on Airflow in disordered nasal cavity and its corrected models by tomographic PIV, Measurement Science and Technology, Vol.15, 1090–1096CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kim, S.K., Shin, S.J., (2005) The experimental research on periodic airflow in human nasal cavity, Trans. KSME B, Vol. 29, No. 1, 103–109.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  18. Kim, S.K., Chung, S.K., (2006): An investigation on oscillatory airflow in human airway during nose breathing by tomographic PIV, Proc. 5th World congress of Biomechanics, Munich, Journal of Biomechanics Vol.39, S271Google Scholar
  19. Kleven, M., Melaaen, M.C., Reimers, M., Djupesland, P.G. (2006): Computational Modeling of nasal aerodynamics, 5th World congress of Biomechanics, Munich, S271Google Scholar
  20. Lee,S.J., Jang,Y.G., Choi,Y.S. Ha,W.P. (2008) Dynamic PIV Measurement of a High-Speed Flow Issuing from Vent-Holes of a Curtain-Type Airbag, Journal of Visualization, Vol. 11, No. 3, 239–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lee, W.J., Kawahashi, M., Hirahara, H., (2006) Experimental investigation of oscillatory air flow in a bronchial tube model with HFOV mode, Journal of Visualization, Vol. 9 No. 1, 39–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Liu, Y., So, R.M.C., Zhang, C.H., (2003) Modeling the bifurcating flow in an asymmetric human lung airway, J. Biomech., Vol. 36, 951–959CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Scherer, P.,W., Hahn, I.I., Mozell ,M.M. 1989, “The Biophysics of Nasal Airflow”, Otol. Clinics N. Ame. Vol. 22, No. 2, April, 265-278Google Scholar
  24. Taylor, D.J., Dooley, D.J., Schroter, R.C., (2006) Airflow in the human nasal cavity, 5th World congress of Biomechanics, Munich, S272Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Visualization Society of Japan 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringKonkuk UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck SurgerySungkyunkwan University, School of Medicine, Samsung Medical CenterSeoulKorea

Personalised recommendations