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Symbiosis

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 141–149 | Cite as

Effect of phosphorus deficiency on acid phosphatase and phytase activities in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under symbiotic nitrogen fixation

  • Saber Kouas
  • Julien Louche
  • Ahmed Debez
  • Claude Plassard
  • Jean Jacques Drevon
  • Chedly AbdellyEmail author
Article

Abstract

Changes in growth, symbiotic nitrogen fixation (SNF), acid phosphatase (ACP), and phytase activities to phosphorus availability (15 and 60 μmol KH2PO4 plant−1 week−1) were compared in two recombinant lines (115 and 147) of common bean. Plant growth, nodulation and SNF were genotype and P level-dependent. 147 was more affected by P shortage (15 μmol P) than 115. Four ACP types were revealed in the nodules of both lines, ACP1 exhibiting a higher specific activity under P shortage as compared to the 60 μmol P treatment, especially in 115. A single phytase was revealed for the nodules of both lines and was significantly enhanced by P deficiency. Three ACP types were found in roots and leaves, showing increasing activity under P deficiency, especially in 115. Regardless of P supply, leaf ACP specific activity was higher than that of nodules and roots in the both lines. Interestingly, phosphorus use efficiency for N2 fixation significantly correlated to nodule ACP activity under P shortage in the both lines. The relatively better performance of 115 as compared to 147 under P deficiency could be partly ascribed to the ability of 115 to maintain higher ACP activity. This enzyme might be involved in the remobilization of the plant Pi and its utilization for SNF.

Keywords

Acid phosphatase Phaseolus vulgaris L. phosphorus phytase symbiotic nitrogen fixation 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saber Kouas
    • 1
  • Julien Louche
    • 2
  • Ahmed Debez
    • 1
  • Claude Plassard
    • 2
  • Jean Jacques Drevon
    • 2
  • Chedly Abdelly
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratoire d’Adaptation des Plantes aux Stress AbiotiquesCentre de Biotechnologie à la Technopole de Borj CedriaHammam-LifTunisia
  2. 2.Rhizosphere et SymbioseInstitut National de la Recherche Agronomique (UMR 1220)MontpellierFrance

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