Advertisement

Proceedings: Animal Sciences

, Volume 98, Issue 4, pp 259–265 | Cite as

Campoletis chlorideae Uchida (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) as a parasite ofHelicoverpa armigera (Hub.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in southwest India

  • C S Pawar
  • V S Bhatnagar
  • D R Jadhav
Article

Abstract

Campoletis chlorideae Uchida was the most common parasite emerging from the larvae ofHelicoverpa armigera (Hub.) collected during 1974–83 from almost all of its crop and weed hosts from Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra. In most years, parasitism was highest in September and lowest in May. At ICRISAT Center, during 1977–83, the average percentage parasitism of first to third instar larvae, which are only parasitised byCampoletis chlorideae, was 44·2 on sorghum, 33·1 on chickpea, 32·6 on pearl millet, 7·1 on groundnut and 4·2 on pigeonpea. Parasitism in pesticide-treated crops was lower than in untreated crops. Ten species of hyperparasites were recorded from cocoons ofCampoletis chlorideae. Hyperparasitism was around 40% on cereals and 10% on legumes.

Keywords

Parasitism hyperparasitism Campoletis chlorideae Helicoverpa armigera 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Battu G S 1977 Occurrence ofParasarcophaga miscra (Walker) andCampoletis sp. as parasite ofSpodoptera litura (Fabricius) from India;Curr. Sci. 46 568–569Google Scholar
  2. Bhatnagar V S and Davies J C 1978 Factors affecting populations of gram pod borer,Heliothis armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the period 1974–77 at Patancheru, A. P. India;Bull. Entomol. 19 52–64Google Scholar
  3. Bhatnagar V S and Davies J C 1979 Pest management in intercrop subsistance farming; inProc. Int. Workshop on Intercropping, ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp 3–8Google Scholar
  4. Bhatnagar V S, Lateef S S, Sithanantham S, Pawar C S and Reed W 1982 Research onHeliothis at ICRISAT; inProc. Int. Workshop on Heliothis Management, ICRISAT, Patancheru, pp 385–396Google Scholar
  5. Bilapate G G, Raodeo A K and Pawar V M 1979 Population dynamics ofHeliothis armigera (Hubner) in sorghum, pigeonpea and chickpea in Marathwada;Indian J. Agric. Sci. 49 560–566Google Scholar
  6. Danks H V, Rabb R L and Southern P S 1979 Biology of insect parasites ofHeliothis larvae in North Carolina;J. G. Entomol. Soc. 14 36–44Google Scholar
  7. Gangrade G A 1964 Biology ofCampoletis perdistinctus (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) in Madhya Pradesh, India;Ann. Entomol Soc. Am. 57 570–574Google Scholar
  8. Mathur K C and Dharmadhikari P R 1970 True identity ofHorogenes fenestralis Holmgren recorded as a parasite ofHeliothis armigera (Hubner);C.I.B.C. Tech. Bull. 13 104–110Google Scholar
  9. Nikam P K and Basarkar C D 1978 Studies on the effect of temperature on the development ofCampoletis chlorideae Uchida (Ichneumonidae) an internal larval parasite ofHeliothis armigera (Hubner);Entomon 3 307–308Google Scholar
  10. Patel P B and Patel R C 1972 Biology ofEcphoropsis perdistinctus Viereck, a larval parasite ofHeliothis armigera (Hubner);J. Anim. Morphol. Physiol. 19 123–124Google Scholar
  11. Pawar C S, Bhatnagar V S and Jadhav D R 1985Heliothis species and their larval parasites on sole and intercrop safflower in India;Insect Sci. Appl. 6 701–704Google Scholar
  12. Pawar C S, Srivastava C P and Reed W 1984 Some aspects of population dynamics ofHeliothis armigera at ICRISAT Center, inIII Oriental Entomology Symposium Trivandrum, Kerala, pp 79–85Google Scholar
  13. Tikar O T and Thakare K R 1961 Bionomics, biology and immature stages of an Ichneumonid,Horogenes fenestralis Holmgren, a parasite of gram caterpillar;Indian J. Entomol. 23 116–124Google Scholar
  14. Yadhav D N, Patel R C and Patel D S 1982 Seasonal activity ofC. chlorideae Uchida (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), a larval parasite ofHeliothis armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Anand (Gujarat);J. Entomol. Res. 6 175–178Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • C S Pawar
    • 1
  • V S Bhatnagar
    • 1
  • D R Jadhav
    • 1
  1. 1.International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)PatancheruIndia

Personalised recommendations