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The effect of high-fat diet on plasma ghrelin and leptin levels in rats

Efecto de una dieta rica en grasa sobre los niveles séricos de ghrelina y leptina en rata

Abstract

Ghrelin and leptin regulate appetite and energy homeostasis in humans and rodents. The effects of different nutritional factors on ghrelin and leptin secretion are not well documented in rats. Therefore, the aim of our study was to investigate the effect of a high-fat diet on plasma ghrelin and leptin levels and on adiposity. Twenty male Wistar rats, body weight220–260 g, were used in the study. Rats were randomized either on a standard chow diet (n=10) or on a high-fat diet (a mixture of nuts) forad libitum 11-week period. Body weight was measured once per week. At the end of the nutritional period, rats were sacrificed. Blood was collected for determination of lipids and glucose, as well as plasma ghrelin and leptin levels by ELISA method. The weight of different organs was determined. Rats fed on a high-fat diet showed significant increase in total body weight compared to control group. The long-term intake of high-fat diet caused hyperleptinemia and hypoghrelinemia. There was a significant positive correlation between plasma leptin levels and epididymal fat mass, liver and heart. In contrast, ghrelin levels showed inverse correlation with epididymal fat mass and liver weight. In conclusion, long-term intake of high-fat diet induced changes in plasma ghrelin and leptin in male rats, as well as in epididymal fat mass, liver and heart weights.

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Correspondence to T. Handjieva-Darlenska.

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Handjieva-Darlenska, T., Boyadjieva, N. The effect of high-fat diet on plasma ghrelin and leptin levels in rats. J Physiol Biochem 65, 157–164 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03179066

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03179066

Key words

  • Obesity
  • Nutrition
  • Ghrelin
  • Leptin
  • Rats