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Stimulus

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 137–176 | Cite as

Stretchen: mechanismen en voordelen voor sportprestatie en blessurepreventie

  • P. Weerapong
  • P. A. Hume
  • G. S. Kolt
Capita selecta
  • 403 Downloads

Samenvatting

Stretchen gebeurt meestal vóór het sporten om de prestatie te verbeteren en het risico van blessures te beperken. De meeste stretchtechnieken (statisch en ballistisch stretchen en proprioceptieve neuromusculaire facilitatie) vergroten de statische flexibiliteit zoals gemeten met het bewegingsbereik van de gewrichten. De resultaten voor dynamische flexibiliteit, zoals gemeten met actieve en passieve stijfheid, zijn echter twijfelachtig. Onderzocht wordt het mechanisme van diverse rektechnieken in termen van biomechanica en neurologie, de werkzaamheid van de combinatie van stretchen en andere therapieën, zoals warmte en koude en de effectiviteit van stretchen ter verbetering van de prestaties en preventie van blessures. Ook worden de mogelijke mechanismen besproken achter de schadelijke effecten van stretchen op de prestatie en de minimale effecten op blessurepreventie, met de nadruk op de dynamische flexibiliteit van spieren. Nader onderzoek wordt aanbevolen naar de mechanismen en effecten van alternatieve rektechnieken op dynamische flexibiliteit, spierpijn, sportprestatie en percentage blessures.

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© Bohn Stafleu van Loghum 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Weerapong
    • 1
  • P. A. Hume
  • G. S. Kolt
  1. 1.

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