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Problemen in de sociale interactie en communicatie bij kinderen met een aan autisme verwante stoornis

Hypothesen en onderzoek

Samenvatting

Centraal staat de hypothese dat kinderen met aan autisme verwante stoornissen moeite hebben met het toeschrijven van zogenaamde ‘mental states’ (bijvoorbeeld gedachten, intenties of wensen) aan zichzelf en anderen (‘theory of mind’–hypothese). Er wordt een overzicht gegeven van onderzoeksresultaten met betrekking tot theory of mind–vaardigheden bij kinderen met autisme en aan autisme verwante stoornissen. In hoeverre moeten theory of mind–problemen ook bij deze laatste groep kinderen als centraal, onderliggend probleem worden gezien? Alternatieve verklaringen voor de sociale en communicatieve problemen van kinderen met aan autisme verwante stoornissen worden besproken, gevolgd door suggesties voor verder onderzoek.

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Notes

  1. Dit artikel is een uitwerking van een deel van de bijdrage van prof. dr. R.B. Minderaa aan het symposium over aan autisme verwante stoornissen, dat in februari 1995 door de afdeling Kinder– en Jeugdpsychiatrie van het Sophia Kinderziekenhuis in Rotterdam werd georganiseerd.

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Summary

This paper discusses hypotheses and research findings concerning the social and communicative problems of children with autism related disorders. The authors provide a clinically–based description of these problems and focus on discussing the Theory–of–Mind explanation. They review research findings with respect to Theory–of–Mind abilities of children with autism and related disorders. On the basis of this review, the authors discuss whether Theory–of–Mind problems can explain the social problems of children with autism related disorders. Alternative explanations are discussed and suggestions for further research are presented.

Mevr. drs. M. Serra is onderzoekspsycholoog (ontwikkelingspsycholoog) bij de vakgroep Kinder– en Jeugdpsychiatrie van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Onderwerp promotieonderzoek: sociaal–cognitieve vaardigheden bij kinderen met aan autisme verwante stoornissen.

Prof. dr. R.B. Minderaa is hoogleraar Kinder– en Jeugdpsychiatrie, faculteit der Geneeskunde, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en medisch directeur van het Universitair Centrum voor Kinder– en Jeugdpsychiatrie in Groningen.

Contactadres: vakgroep Kinder– en Jeugdpsychiatrie, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Hanzeplein 1, 9713 GZ Groningen.

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Serra, M., Minderaa, R.B. Problemen in de sociale interactie en communicatie bij kinderen met een aan autisme verwante stoornis. KIAD 17, 93 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03060622

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03060622

  • pervasive developmental disorders
  • Theory of Mind.