Senckenbergiana lethaea

, Volume 84, Issue 1–2, pp 303–315 | Cite as

The late Oligocene birds of the Créchy quarry (Allier, France), with a description of two new genera (Aves: Pelecaniformes: Phalacrocoracidae, and Anseriformes: Anseranatidae)

  • Cécile Mourer-Chauviré
  • Didier Berthet
  • Marguerite Hugueney
Article

Abstract

The late Oligocene birds of the Créchy quarry (Allier, France) with a description of two new genera (Aves: Pelecaniformes: Phalacrocoracidae, and Anseriformes: Anseranatidae). The Créchy quarry includes several fossiliferous layers, the fauna of which has been dated by micromammals to the latest Oligocene (reference-levels MP 29 and MP 30). Most of the birds belong to the same species as those which are widespread in the early Miocene localities (MN 2a) of the Saint-Gérand-le-Puy area. However, they differ from these Miocene avifaunas by the presence of a primitive form of Phalacrocoracidae,Borvocarbo guilloti n. gen. n. sp., and by a small representative of the Recent family Anseranatidae,Anserpica kiliani n. gen. n. sp. Most of these forms are aquatic birds which probably lived on lakes or on their shores.

Key words

France late Oligocene Aves Pelecaniformes Phalacrocoracidae Anserifomes Anseranatidae new taxa biostratigraphy paleogeography 

Kurzfassung

Die spät-oligozänen Vögel des Steinbruchs von Créchy (Allier, Frankreich), einschliesslich der Beschreibung von zwei neuen Gattungen (Aves: Pelecaniformes, Phalacrocoracidae und Anseriformes: Anseranatidae). Im Steinbruch von Créchy gibt es mehrere fossilführende Schichten, deren Fauna anhand der Kleinsäuger als spätes Oligozän (Referenz-Niveaus MP 29 und MP 30) datiert wurde. Die meisten Vogelarten entsprechen denjenigen, die auch aus den untermiozänen Fundstellen der Gegend um Saint-Gérand-le-Puy bekannt sind. Im Unterschied zu diesen miozänen Vogelfaunen kommen in Créchy aber zwei neue Arten vor, eine primitive Form der Phalacrocoracidae,Borvocarbo guilloti n. gen. n. sp., und ein Vertreter der rezenten Familie Anseranatidae,Anserpica kiliani n. gen. n. sp. Bei den meisten Vögeln handelt es sich um aquatische Arten, die wahrscheinlich auf Seen oder an deren Ufern lebten.

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Copyright information

© E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cécile Mourer-Chauviré
    • 1
  • Didier Berthet
    • 2
  • Marguerite Hugueney
    • 1
  1. 1.UMR 5125, Paléoenvironnements et PaléobiosphèreUniversité Claude Bernard-Lyon 1Villeurbanne CedexFrance
  2. 2.Muséum d’Histoire naturelle de LyonLyonFrance

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