Sustained very low levels of fertility in advanced countries can be explained by incoherence between the levels of gender equity applying in different social institutions. In countries with very low levels of fertility, high levels of gender equity are postulated in institutions that deal with people as individuals, while low levels of gender equity apply in institutions that deal with people as members of families.
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McDonald, P. Gender equity, social institutions and the future of fertility. Journal of Population Research 17, 1–16 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03029445
- Social Institution
- Nordic Country
- Total Fertility Rate
- Industrial Relation
- Gender Equity