Oxidation of Ni films electroplated on steel


The high-temperature oxidation of Ni films electroplated on a steel substrate was studied at 700 and 800°C in air. During oxidation, outward diffusion of Ni and Fe ions and inward diffusion of oxygen ions occurred. NiO formed initially, and as the oxidation progressed, Fe2O3 and NiFe2O4 also formed. The oxidation resistance of Ni films was inferior to that of bulk Ni, which was attributed to the involvement of Fe during oxidation.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    R. Peraldi, D. Monceau, and B. Pieraggi,Oxid. Met. 58, 249 (2002).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    R. Peraldi, D. Monceau, and B. Pieraggi,Oxid. Met. 58, 275 (2002).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    M. Donten, H. Cesiulis, and Z. Stojek,Electrochim. Acta 45, 3389 (2000).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    C. Louro, and A. Cavaleiro,J. Electrochem. Soc. 144, 259 (1997).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    M. Pushpavanam, S. R. Natarajan, and K. Balakrishnan,Plat. Surf. Finish. 84, 88 (1997).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    G. Zhongcheng, Z. Chengyi, Z. Dacheng, and Y. Xianwan,Trans. Nonferr. Met. Soc. China 10, 50 (2000).

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    ASM Handbook Vol. 5, p. 201, ASM Materials Park, Ohio, USA (1994).

  8. 8.

    N. Birks and G. H. Meier,Introduction to High Temperature Oxidation of Metals, p. 88, Edward Arnold, London (1983).

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    D. A. Jones,Principle and Prevention of Corrosion 2nd ed., p. 416, Prentice-Hall, USA (1996).

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    M. Venkatraman and J. P. Neumann,Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams 2nd ed., vol. 1, p. 842, ASM, Metals Park, Ohio, USA (1990).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Dong-Bok Lee.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ko, JH., Lee, DB. Oxidation of Ni films electroplated on steel. Met. Mater. Int. 11, 85–88 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03027489

Download citation


  • nickel
  • film
  • oxidation