Electrochemical study of hydrogen embrittlement and optimum cathodic protection potential of welded high strength Steel


Electrochemical properties and mechanical properties of welded high strength steel were investigated by the slow strain rate test (SSRT) method with an applied constant cathodic potential. There was no correlation between maximum tensile strength, yield strength, stress at failure, and hydrogen embrittlement. However, the elongation, time-to-fracture, and strain-to-failure ratio decreased with shifting potential of the negative direction. Elongation, time-to-fracture, and strain-to-failure ratio for the various welding methods displayed the highest values when the potential was −770 mV regardless of post-weld heat treatment (PWHT) conditions. The elongation, time-to-fracture, and amount of dimples by PWHT were increased. The optimum potential region for cathodic protection without hydrogen embrittlement was observed between −770 and (above) −850 mV (SCE) in the post-weld specimens heat treated at 550°C and the as-welded specimens.

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Correspondence to Seong-Jong Kim.

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Kim, SJ., Jang, SK. & Kim, JI. Electrochemical study of hydrogen embrittlement and optimum cathodic protection potential of welded high strength Steel. Met. Mater. Int. 11, 63–69 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03027486

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  • slow strain rate test
  • cathodic potential
  • hydrogen embrittlement
  • optimum cathodic protection potential