Characterization of oxide scales formed on low carbon steel between 1100 and 1250 °C in air


A low carbon steel was oxidized isothermally at temperatures of 1100–1250 °C for up to 2 h in air, and the oxide scales were examined. Several hundred micrometer-thick scales formed owing to poor oxidation resistance at high temperatures. Scales consisting mainly of Fe2O3, Fe3O4, and FeO spalled easily, owing to the formation of voids and cracks in the scales. All the alloying elements were also oxidized and incorporated in the iron oxide scales, depending on their local concentration in the matrix.

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Correspondence to D. B. Lee.

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Kim, J.W., Choi, J.W. & Lee, D.B. Characterization of oxide scales formed on low carbon steel between 1100 and 1250 °C in air. Met. Mater. Int. 11, 131–134 (2005).

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  • oxidation
  • steel
  • high temperature