Skip to main content

Unfashionable pursuits

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Conway, J. H. (1980) Monsters and Moonshine, The Mathematical Intelligencer,2, No. 4, 165–171

    Article  MATH  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  2. Conway, J. H. and S. P. Norton (1979) Monstrous Moonshine, Bull. London Math. Soc.11, 308–339

    Article  MATH  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  3. Coxeter, H. S. M. (1981) “A Symmetrical Arrangement of Eleven Hemi-Icosahedra,” to be published

  4. Grassmann, H. (1844, 1878, 1894) Die Lineale Ausdehnungslehre, 1st ed. (Otto Wigand, Leipzig) 1844, 2nd ed. (Otto Wigand, Leipzig) 1878, 3rd ed. in Grassmann’s collected works edited by F. Engel (Teubner, Leipzig) 1894

    Google Scholar 

  5. Griess, R. L. (1981) A Construction of F1 as Automorphisms of a 196883-dimensional Algebra, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA,78, 689–691

    Article  MATH  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  6. Griess, R. L. (1982) The Friendly Giant, Invent. Math.69, 1–102

    Article  MATH  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  7. Leech, J. (1967) Notes on Sphere Packings, Can J. Math.19, 251–267

    Article  MATH  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  8. Lie, S. (1877) Letter to A. Mayer, published in Sophus Lie, Gesammelte Abhandlungen, ed. F. Engel (Leipzig, Teubner, 1922), Vol. 3, Anmerkungen, p. 691

    Google Scholar 

  9. Mathieu, E. L. (1861, 1873) Mémoire sur ľétude des fonctions de plusieurs quantités, J. de Math. Pures et Appliquées,6, 241–323, “Sur la fonction cinq fois transitive de 24 quantités,” J. de Math. Pures et Appliquées,18, 25-46

    Google Scholar 

  10. Rouse, Ball, W. W. (1908) A Short Account of the History of Mathematics, 4th ed. (MacMillan, London), p. 478

    Google Scholar 

  11. Woolf, H., ed. (1980) Some Strangeness in the Proportion: A Centennial Symposium to Celebrate the Achievements of Albert Einstein (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass.)

  12. Yang, C. N. and R. L. Mills (1954) Conservation of Isotopic Spin and Isotopic Gauge Invariance, Phys. Rev.96, 191–195

    Article  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Freeman J. Dyson.

Additional information

This talk was delivered to the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Bi-National Colloquium for Humboldt Awardees in cooperation with the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, New Jersey, on August 24, 1981. The talk was subsequently published by Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung in theProceedings of that conference and also in theMitteilungen (January 1983, No. 41).The Intelligencer wishes to thank the author and Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung for their permission to reprint this article.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Dyson, F.J. Unfashionable pursuits. The Mathematical Intelligencer 5, 47–54 (1983).

Download citation


  • Gauge Field
  • Institutional Rate
  • Physical Universe
  • Sporadic Group
  • Mathieu Group