Flanagan JC. The critical incident technique. Psychol Bull 1954; 51: 327–58.
Cooper JB, Newbower RS, Long CD, McPeek B. Preventable anesthesia mishaps. Anesthesiology 1978; 49: 399–406.
Cooper JB, Newbower RS, Kitz RJ. An analysis of major errors and equipment failures in anesthesia management. Anesthesiology 1984; 60: 34–42.
Webb RK, Currie M, Morgan CA, et al. The Australian Incident Monitoring Study: an analysis of 2000 incident reports. Anaesth Intensive Care 1993; 21: 520–8.
Webb RK, Russell WJ, Klepper I, Runciman WB. Equipment failure: an analysis of 2000 incident reports. Anaesth Intensive Care 1993; 21: 673–7.
Russell WJ, Webb RK, Van der Walt JH, Runciman WB. Problems with ventilation: an analysis of 2000 incident reports. Anaesth Intensive Care 1993; 1: 617–20.
Caplan RA, Vistica MF, Posner KL, Cheney FW. Adverse anesthetic outcomes arising from gas delivery equipment: a closed claims analysis. Anesthesiology 1997; 87: 741–8.
Eisenkraft JB, Sommer RM. Hazards of the anesthesia delivery system.In: Ehrenwerth J, Eisenkraft JB (Eds). Anesthesia Equipment: Principles and Applications. St. Louis: Mosby; 1993.
Eisenkraft JB. Potential for barotrauma or hypoventilation with the Dräger AV-E ventilator. J Clin Anesth 1989; 1: 452–6.
Scheller MS, Jones BR, Benumof JL. The influence of fresh gas flow and inspiratory/expiratory ratio on tidal volume and arterial CO2 tension in mechanically ventilated surgical patients. J Cardiothorac Anesth 1989; 3: 564.
Good ML, Gravenstein N. Capnography.In: Ehrenwerth J, Eisenkraft JB (Eds). Anesthesia Equipment: Principles and Applications. St. Louis: Mosby; 1993.
Eisenkraft JB. Anesthesia vaporizers.In: Ehrenwerth J, Eisenkraft JB (Eds). Anesthesia Equipment: Principles and Applications. St. Louis: Mosby; 1993.
Merilainen P, Hanninen H, Tuomaala L. A novel sensor for routine continuous spirometry of intubated patients. J Clin Monit 1993; 9: 374–80.
Fang ZX, Eger EI 2nd, Laster MJ, Chortkoff BS, Kandel L, Ionescu P. Carbon monoxide production from degradation of desflurane enflurane, isoflurane, halothane and sevoflurane by soda lime and Baralyme®. Anesth Analg 1995; 80: 1187–93.
Berry PD, Sessler DI, Larson MD. Severe carbon monoxide poisoning during desflurane anesthesia. Anesthesiology 1999; 90: 613–6.
Epstein RA. In my opinion. Carbon monoxide: what should we do? APSF Newsletter 1994; 9: 40.
Woehlck HJ, Dunning M 3rd, Gandhi S, Chang D, Milosavljevic D. Indirect detection of carbon monoxid exposure by mass spectrometry during isoflurane anesthesia. Anesthesiology 1995; 83: 213–7.
Kharasch ED, Powers KM, Artru AA. Comparison of Amsorb, sodalime, and Baralyme degradation of volatile anesthetics and formation of carbon monoxide and compound A in swine in vivo. Anesthesiology 2002; 96: 173–82.
Eisenkraft JB. A commentary on anesthesia gas delivery equipment and adverse outcomes (Editorial). Anesthesiology 1997; 87: 731–3.
ASTM F1850-00. Standard specification for particular requirements for anesthesia workstations and their components. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), West Conshohocken, PA. March 2000.
FDA Anesthesia apparatus checkout recommendations, 1993. Available on the FDA website www.fda.gov/cdrh/humfac/anesckot.html.