Negative psychological effects of watching the news in the television: Relaxation or another intervention may be needed to buffer them!
- 515 Downloads
The psychological effects of televised news were studied in 2 groups (n=179) of undergraduate students who watched a 15-min random newscast followed by either a 15-min progressive relaxation exercise or a 15-min lecture (control condition). Subjective measures of state anxiety, total mood disturbance (TMD), positive affect, and negative affect were obtained before and after the news, as well as following relaxation exercise or the lecture. The results show that state anxiety and TMD increased, whereas positive affect decreased in both groups after watching the news and 15 min later they returned to baseline (pre-news) only in the relaxation group, whereas they remained unchanged in the control group. These findings demonstrate that watching the news on television triggers persisting negative psychological feelings that could not be buffered by attention-diverting distraction (i.e., lecture), but only by a directed psychological intervention such as progressive relaxation.
Key wordsanxiety mood newscast relaxation television
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Berger, B. G., Owen, D. R., & Man, F. (1993). A brief review of literature and examination of acute mood benefits of exercise in Czechoslovakian and United States swimmers.International Journal of Sport Psychology, 24(2), 130–150.Google Scholar
- Don, B.W. M. (1997). The effects of strength training on cardiovascular reactivity to stress and psychological well-being in college women (Doctoral dissertation, Boston University, 1997).Dissertation Abstracts International, 57(7B), 4704.Google Scholar
- Galician, M. L. (1986). Perceptions of good news and bad news on television.Journalism Quarterly 63(3), 611–616.Google Scholar
- Gauvin, L., & Szabo, A. (1992). Application of the experience sampling method to the study of the effects of exercise withdrawal on well-being.Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 14, 361–374.Google Scholar
- Grove, R. J., & Prapavessis, H. (1992). Preliminary evidence for the reliability and validity of an abbreviated profile of mood states.International Journal of Sport Psychology, 23, 93–109.Google Scholar
- Hargreaves, I., & Thomas, J. (2002).New news, old news: An ITC and BSC research publication. RetrievedMarch 27, 2007 from: http://www.ofcom.org.uk/static/archive/bsc/pdfs/research/news. pdf.Google Scholar
- Harrell, J. P. (2000). Affective responses to television newscasts: Have you heard the news? (Doctoral dissertation, Western Michigan University, 2000).Dissertation Abstracts International 61(5B), 2762.Google Scholar
- Haskins, J. B., Miller, M. M., & Quarles, J. (1984). Reliability of the news direction scale for analysis of the good-bad news dimension.Journalism Quarterly, 61, 524–528.Google Scholar
- Potts, R., & Sanchez, D. (1994). Television viewing and depression: No news is good news.Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 38, 79–90.Google Scholar
- Roper Starch. (1995).America’s watching, public attitudes toward television, poll commissioned by the Network Television Association and the National Association of Broadcasters (New York), p. 17.Google Scholar
- Rosenthal, R. (1991).Meta-analytic procedures for social research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Russell, W., Pritschet, B., Frost, B., Emmett, J., Pelley, T. J., Black, J., et al. (2003). Acomparison of post-exercisemood enhancement across common exercise distraction activities.Journal of Sport Behavior, 26(4), 368–382.Google Scholar
- Schutz, R. W., & Gessaroli, M. E. (1987). The analysis of repeated measures designs involving multiple dependent variables.Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 58, 132–149.Google Scholar
- Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L., & Lushene, R. E. (1970).Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory: Self-evaluation questionnaire. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.Google Scholar
- Stone, G. C., & Grusin, E. (1984). Network TV as the bad news bearer.Journalism Quarterly, 61, 517–523.Google Scholar