Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing

, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 167–180 | Cite as

Rainfall-runoff and soil erosion modeling using Remote Sensing and GIS technique — a case study of tons watershed

  • A S Jasrotia
  • S D Dhiman
  • S P Aggarwal


In the present study, the rainfall-runoff relationship is determined using USDA Soil Conservation Service (SCS) method. The coefficient of determination (R2) is 0.99, which indicates a high correlation between rainfall and runoff. The runoff potential map was prepared by assigning individual class weight and scores input map. Annual spatial soil loss estimation was computed using Morgan, Morgan and Finney mathematical model in conjunction with remote sensing and GIS techniques. Higher soil erosion was found to occur in the northern part of the Tons watershed. The soil texture in the affected area is coarse loamy to loamy skeletal and soil detachment is higher. Moreover the land use has open forests, which does not reduce the impact of rainfall. The average soil loss for all the four sub-watersheds was calculated, and it was found that the maximum average soil loss of 24.1 t/ha occurred in the sub-watershed 1.


Soil Erosion Digital Elevation Model Soil Loss Sediment Yield Overland Flow 
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Copyright information

© Springer 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • A S Jasrotia
    • 1
  • S D Dhiman
    • 2
  • S P Aggarwal
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of JammuJammuIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringBirla Vishvakarma MahavidyalayaGujaratIndia
  3. 3.Water Resources DivisionIndian Institute of Remote SensingDehradunIndia

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