Advertisement

Paläontologische Zeitschrift

, Volume 80, Issue 4, pp 325–343 | Cite as

On the Emsian (Lower Devonian) arthropods of the Rhenish Slate Mountains: 5. Rare and poorly known eurypterids from Willwerath, Germany

  • Markus Poschmann
  • O. Erik Tetlie
Article

Abstract

In addition to the previously known eurypterid taxa from Willwerath, remains ofParahughmilleria hefteri, Erieopterus sp., andJaekelopterus rhenaniae are described and figured. Body parts of small pterygotids are interpreted as representing juveniles ofJ. rhenaniae. To further substantiate this interpretation an analysis of telson ontogeny in the SilurianAcutiramus macrophthalmus of New York State, another well-known pterygotid, is included. As a result, it is suggested thatPterygotus juvenis is a juvenile and thus a junior synonym ofA. macrophthalmus. The genital appendages ofJ. rhenaniae show no segmentation and consequently the family Jaekelopteridae is rejected. The palaeoenvironment of the Willwerath eurypterid association, dominated byAdelophthalmus andRhenopterus, is interpreted as a shallow brackish to freshwater/terrestrial setting in a deltaic transitional facies. In contrast,Parahughmilleria-dominated eurypterid associations from the Rhenish Slate Mountains seem to be confined to lagerstätten where a marine influence is more obvious than at Willwerath.

Keywords

eurypterids Parahughmilleria Jaekelopterus ontogeny synonymy Devonian Eifel Mountains 

Kurzfassung

Ergänzend zu den bisher von Willwerath bekannt gewordenen Eurypteriden werden Reste vonParahughmilleria hefteri, Erieopterus sp. undJaekelopterus rhenaniae beschrieben und abgebildet. Teile kleiner Pterygotiden werden als juvenile Exemplare vonJ. rhenaniae interpretiert. Eine Analyse der ontogenetischen Variation des Telsons bei dem PterygotidenAcutiramus macrophthalmus aus dem Silur des Staates New York/USA untermauert diese Interpretation und lässt darauf schließen, dassPterygotus juvenis ein Juvenilstadium und damit ein jüngeres Synonym vonA. macrophthalmus darstellt. Da der Genitalanhang vonJ. rhenaniae keine Segmentierung zeigt, wird die Familie Jaekelopteridae eingezogen. Die Willwerather Eurypteriden-Assoziation wird zahlenmäßig von den GattungenAdelophthalmus undRhenopterus dominiert und einem flachen, brackischen bis Süßwasser-dominierten/terrestrischen Ablagerungsraum in einer deltaischen Übergangsfazies zugeordnet. Im Gegensatz dazu stehenParahughmilleria-dominierte Eurypteriden-Assoziationen im Rheinischen Schiefergebirge, die vorzugsweise dort auftreten, wo sich ein mariner Einfluss stärker manifestiert, als es in Willwerath der Fall ist.

Schlüsselwörter

Eurypteriden Parahughmilleria Jaekelopterus Ontogenie Synonymie Devon Eifel 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Agassiz, L. 1844. Monographie des poissons fossils du Vieux Gres Rouge ou Systeme Devonien. — 171 p., Neufchatel [folio].Google Scholar
  2. Alling, H.L. &Briggs, L.I. 1961. Stratigraphy of Upper Silurian Cayugan evaporites. — Bulletin of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists45: 515–547.Google Scholar
  3. Anderson, L. I.;Poschmann, M. &Brauckmann, C. 1998. On the Emsian (Lower Devonian) arthropods of the Rhenish Slate Mountains: 2. The synziphosurineWillwerathia. — Paläontologische Zeitschrift72: 325–336.Google Scholar
  4. Andrews, H.E.;Brower, J.C.;Gould, S.J. &Reyment, R.A. 1974. Growth and variation inEurypterus remipes DeKay. — Bulletin of the Geological Institutions of the University of Uppsala (N. Ser.)4: 81–114.Google Scholar
  5. Boucot, A.J. 1963. The Globithyrid Facies of the Lower Devonian. — Senckenbergiana lethaea44: 79–84.Google Scholar
  6. Braddy, S.J. 2000. Eurypterids from the Early Devonian of the Midland Valley of Scotland. — Scottish Journal of Geology36: 115–122.Google Scholar
  7. Braddy, S.J. 2001. Eurypterid palaeoecology: palaeobiological, ichnological and comparative evidence for a “mass-moult-mate” hypothesis. — Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology172: 115–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Burmeister, H. 1843. Die Organisation der Trilobiten, aus ihren lebenden Verwandten entwickelt; nebst einer systematischen Uebersicht aller zeither beschriebenen Arten. — XII + 147 p., Berlin (Reimer).Google Scholar
  9. Caster, K.E. &Kjellesvig-Waering, E.N. 1956. Some notes on the genusDolichopterus Hall. — Journal of Paleontology30: 19–28.Google Scholar
  10. Caster, K.E. &Kjellesvig-Waering, E.N. 1964. Upper Ordovician eurypterids of Ohio. — Palaeontographica Americana4: 301–358.Google Scholar
  11. Chlupáč, I. 1994. Pterygotid eurypterids (Arthropoda, Chelicerata) in the Silurian and Devonian of Bohemia. — Journal of the Czech Geological Society39: 147–162.Google Scholar
  12. Ciurca, S.J.Jr. &Tetlie, O.E. in press. Pterygotids (Chelicerata; Eurypterida) from the Silurian Vernon Formation of New York. — Journal of Paleontology.Google Scholar
  13. Clarke, J.M. &Ruedemann, R. 1912. The Eurypterida of New York. — New York State Museum Memoir14: 1–439.Google Scholar
  14. Copeland, M.J. &Bolton, T.E. 1985. Fossils of Ontario. Part 3: The Eurypterids and Phyllocarids. — Life Sciences Miscellaneous Publications, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto: 1–48.Google Scholar
  15. Cuggy, M.B. 1994. Ontogenetic variation in Silurian eurypterids from Ontario and New York State. — Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences31: 728–732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dahmer, G. 1934. Die Fauna der Siegener Schichten in der Umgebung des Laacher Sees. — Jahrbuch der Preußischen Geologischen Landesanstalt55: 122–141.Google Scholar
  17. DeKay, J.E. 1825. Observations on a fossil crustaceous animal of the order Branchiopoda. — Annals of the New York Lyceum of Natural History1: 375–377.Google Scholar
  18. Diener, C. 1924. Eurypterida. — In:Diener, C., ed., Fossilium Catalogus I: Animalia: 1–26. Berlin (W. Junk).Google Scholar
  19. Evangelou, E. 1967. Gigantostraken aus unterdevonischen Schichten des Bergischen Landes. — Unpublished Diploma thesis, University of Cologne. — 47 p.Google Scholar
  20. Fahlbusch, K. 1966. Eine Pteraspiden-Fauna aus dem Unterdevon von Alken an der Mosel. — Senckenbergiana lethaea47: 165–191.Google Scholar
  21. Franke, C. 2006. Die Klerf-Schichten (Unter-Devon) im Großherzogtum Luxemburg, in der Westeifel (Deutschland) und im Gebiet von Burg Reuland (Belgien): fazielle und biostratigraphische Deutungen. — Ferrantia, Travaux Scientifiques du Musée National d’Histoire Naturelle de Luxembourg46: 42–96.Google Scholar
  22. Friman, L. 1986. Die devonischen Agnatha des Rheinischen Schiefergebirges unter besonderer Berücksichtigung ihrer Histologie. — Münstersche Forschungen zur Geologie und Paläontologie64: 1–91.Google Scholar
  23. Gross, W. 1933. Die unterdevonischen Fische und Gigantostraken von Overath. — Abhandlungen der Preußischen Geologischen Landesanstalt, Neue Folge145: 41–77.Google Scholar
  24. Hall, J. 1859. Natural History of New York — Palaeontology, Volume 3. — 532 p., Albany, NY (State Printer: Charles Van Benthugsen).Google Scholar
  25. Hamell, R.D. 1981. Stratigraphy, petrology, and paleoenvironmental interpretation of the Bertie Group (Late Cayugan) in New York State. — Unpublished Master of Science dissertation, University of Rochester, New York. — 89 p.Google Scholar
  26. Hamell, R.D. 1982. Stratigraphy, petrology and paleoenvironmental interpretation of the Bertie Group (Late Cayugan) in New York. — Empire State Geogram18: 37–38.Google Scholar
  27. Heckel, P.H. 1972. Recognition of ancient shallow marine environments. — Society of Economical Paleontology and Mineralogy, Special Paper16: 226–228.Google Scholar
  28. Huwe, S.;Brocke, R. &Wilde, V. 2003. Unentdeckte Schätze im Sammlungs-Archiv: Palynomorphen im Unterdevon der Eifeler Kalkmulden. — Natur und Museum133: 33–44.Google Scholar
  29. Jaekel, O. 1914. Ein großerPterygotus aus dem rheinischen Unterdevon. — Paläontologische Zeitschrift1: 379–382.Google Scholar
  30. Jux, U. &Zygojannis, N. 1982. Kohlenwasserstoffe in unterdevonischen Sedimenten des Bergischen Landes und ihre ökostratigraphische Interpretation (Rheinisches Schiefergebirge). — Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte1982 (2): 73–90.Google Scholar
  31. Kjellesvig-Waering, E.N. 1948. Two new eurypterids from the Silurian of Indiana. — Journal of Paleontology22: 465–472.Google Scholar
  32. Kjellesvig-Waering, E.N. 1955. A new phyllocarid and eurypterid from the Silurian of Florida. — Journal of Paleontology29: 295–297.Google Scholar
  33. Kjellesvig-Waering, E.N. 1958. The genera, species and subspecies of the family Eurypteridae, Burmeister, 1845. — Journal of Paleontology32: 1107–1148.Google Scholar
  34. Kjellesvig-Waering, E.N. 1961a. The Silurian Eurypterida of the Welsh Borderland. — Journal of Paleontology35: 789–835.Google Scholar
  35. Kjellesvig-Waering, E.N. 1961b. Eurypterids of the Devonian Holland Quarry shale of Ohio. — Fieldiana, Geology14: 79–98.Google Scholar
  36. Kjellesvig-Waering, E.N. 1964. A synopsis of the family Pterygotidae Clarke and Ruedemann, 1912 (Eurypterida). — Journal of Paleontology38: 331–361.Google Scholar
  37. Kjellesvig-Waering, E.N. 1966. Silurian scorpions of New York. — Journal of Paleontology40: 359–375.Google Scholar
  38. Kjellesvig-Waering, E.N. &Caster, K.E. 1955. The Pterygotidae of the Silurian Vernon Shales of New York. — Journal of Paleontology29: 1041–1047.Google Scholar
  39. Kjellesvig-Waering, E.N. &Heubusch, C.A. 1962. Some Eurypterida from the Ordovician and Silurian of New York. — Journal of Paleontology36: 211–221.Google Scholar
  40. Knox, L.W. &Gordon, E.A. 1999. Ostracodes as indicators of brackish water environments in the Catskill Magnafacies (Devonian) of New York State. — Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology148: 9–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Kues, B.S. &Kietzke, K.E. 1981. A large assemblage of a new eurypterid from the Red Tanks Member, Madera Formation (Late Pennsylvanian-Early Permian) of New Mexico. — Journal of Paleontology55: 709–729.Google Scholar
  42. Leutze, W.P. 1958. Eurypterids from the Silurian Tymoctee Dolomite of Ohio. — Journal of Paleontology32: 937–942.Google Scholar
  43. Leutze, W.P. &Heubusch, C.A. 1963.Pterygotus in the Bertie Formation (Silurian) of New York. — Journal of Paleontology37: 1080–1082.Google Scholar
  44. Mentzel, R. 1966. Das Unter-Devon des Schneifel-Gebietes (Rheinisches Schiefergebirge, Eifel). — Unpublished PhD thesis, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt a. M. — 10 p. [abstract version].Google Scholar
  45. Miller, R. in press.Pterygotus anglicus Agassiz (Chelicerata: Eurypterida) from Atholville, Lower Devonian Campbellton Formation, New Brunswick, Canada. — Palaeontology.Google Scholar
  46. Monahan, J.W. 1931. Study of the fauna of the Bertie Formation. — American Midland Naturalist12: 377–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Müller, P. 1997. Fossillagerstätten im Westerwald. — Westerburger Hefte25: 1–54.Google Scholar
  48. O’Connell, M. 1916. The habitat of the Eurypterida. — Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences11: 1–277.Google Scholar
  49. Pirozhnikov, L.P. 1957. Remains of Gigantostraca from the series of Matakara (Devonian of the North Minusinsk depression). — Annuaire de la Société paléontologique de Russie16: 207–213 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  50. Plotnick, R.E. 1983. Patterns in the evolution of the eurypterids. — Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Chicago, Chicago. — 411 p.Google Scholar
  51. Plotnick, R.E. 1999. Habitat of Llandoverian-Lochkovian eurypterids. — In:Boucot, A.J. &Lawson, J., eds., Paleocommunities: A Case Study from the Silurian and Lower Devonian: 106–131, Cambridge (University Press).Google Scholar
  52. Poschmann, M. 2006. The eurypteridAdelophthalmus sievertsi (Chelicerata: Eurypterida) from the Lower Devonian (Emsian) Klerf Formation of Willwerath, Germany. — Palaeontology49: 67–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Poschmann, M.;Anderson, L.I. &Dunlop, J.A. 2005. Chelicerate arthropods, including the oldest phalangiotarbid arachnid, from the Early Devonian (Siegenian) of the Rhenish Massif, Germany. — Journal of Paleontology79: 110–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Poschmann, M. &Franke, C. 2006. Arthropods and trace fossils from the Lower Devonian (Emsian) of the West Eifel region/Germany and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. — Ferrantia, Travaux Scientifiques du Musée National d’Histoire Naturelle de Luxembourg46: 97–115.Google Scholar
  55. Poschmann, M. &Jansen, U. 2003. Lithologie und Fossilführung einiger Profile in den Siegen-Schichten des Westerwaldes (Unter-Devon, Rheinisches Schiefergebirge). — Senckenbergiana lethaea83: 157–183.Google Scholar
  56. Poschmann, M. &Tetlie, O.E. 2004. On the Emsian (Early Devonian) arthropods of the Rhenish Slate Mountains: 4. The eurypteridsAlkenopterus andVinetopterus n. gen. (Arthropoda: Chelicerata). — Senckenbergiana lethaea84: 173–193.Google Scholar
  57. Roemer, F. 1855.Palaeoteuthis, eine Gattung nackter Cephalopoden aus Devonischen Schichten der Eifel. — Palaeontographica4: 72–74.Google Scholar
  58. Ruedemann, R. 1924. Recent publications on the origin and habitat of the Eurypterida. — American Journal of Science7: 227–232.Google Scholar
  59. Ruedemann, R. 1934a. Descriptions of new eurypterids from the graptolite shales of New York. — American Journal of Science (5)27: 374–385.Google Scholar
  60. Ruedemann, R. 1934b. Eurypterids from the Lower Devonian of Beartooth Butte, Wyoming. — Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society73: 163–167.Google Scholar
  61. Ruedemann, R. 1935a. The eurypterids of Beartooth Butte, Wyoming. — Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society75: 129–141.Google Scholar
  62. Ruedemann, R. 1935b. A review of the eurypterid rami of the genusPterygotus with the descriptions of two new Devonian species. — Annals of the Carnegie Museum24: 69–72.Google Scholar
  63. Russell, L.S. 1953. A new species of eurypterid from the Devonian of Gaspé. — Annual Report of the National Museum for the Fiscal Year 1952–53, Bulletin132: 83–91.Google Scholar
  64. Salter, J.W. 1856. On some new Crustacea from the uppermost Silurian rocks. — Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London12: 26–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Sarle, C.J. 1903. A new eurypterid fauna from the base of the Salina of western New York. — New York State Museum Bulletin69: 1080–1108.Google Scholar
  66. Schindler, T.;Amler, M.R.W.;Braun, A.;Grimm, M.C.;Haas, W.;Heumann, G.;Jansen, U.;Otto, M.;Poschmann, M. &Schindler, E. 2004. Neue Erkenntnisse zur Paläontologie, Biofazies und Stratigraphie der Unterdevon-Ablagerungen (Siegen) der ICE-Neubaustrecke bei Aegidienberg (Siebengebirge, W-Deutschland). — Decheniana (Bonn)157: 135–150.Google Scholar
  67. Schmidt, F. 1883. Die Crustaceenfauna der Eurypterenschichten von Rootziküll auf Oesel. — Mémoires de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg (7)31 (5): 28–88.Google Scholar
  68. Selden, P.A. 1984. Autecology of Silurian eurypterids. — In:Bassett, M.G. &Lawson, J.D., eds., Autecology of Silurian organisms. — Special Papers in Palaeontology32: 39–54.Google Scholar
  69. Steinmann, G. &Elberskirch, W. 1929. Neue bemerkenswerte Funde im ältesten Unterdevon des Wahnbachtales bei Siegburg. — Sitzungsberichte des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preußischen Rheinlande und Westfalens1928 C: 1–74.Google Scholar
  70. Solle, G. 1970. Die Hunsrück-Insel im oberen Unter-Devon. — Notizblatt des Hessischen Landesamtes für Bodenforschung98: 50–80.Google Scholar
  71. Størmer, L. 1934. Downtonian (Silurian) Merostomata from Spitsbergen, with remarks on the suborder Synziphosura. — Skrifter utgitt av Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi i Oslo, I. Matematisk-Naturvidenskapelig Klasse2: 1–26.Google Scholar
  72. Størmer, L. 1936. Eurypteriden aus dem Rheinischen Unterdevon. — Abhandlungen der Preußischen Geologischen Landesanstalt, Neue Folge175: 1–74.Google Scholar
  73. Størmer, L. 1951. A new eurypterid from the Ordovician of Montgomeryshire, Wales. — Geological Magazine88: 409–422.Google Scholar
  74. Størmer, L. 1955. Merostomata. — In:Moore, R.C., ed., Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part P. Arthropoda 2: P4-P41, Lawrence, KS (University of Kansas Press).Google Scholar
  75. Størmer, L. 1960. A scorpion-like eurypterid from the Lower Devonian of Germany. — Proceedings of the International Paleontological Union, Report of 21. Session, Norden22: 87–91.Google Scholar
  76. Størmer, L. 1969. Eurypterids from the Lower Devonian of Willwerath, Eifel. — Senckenbergiana lethaea50: 21–35.Google Scholar
  77. Størmer, L. 1973. Arthropods from the Lower Devonian (Lower Emsian) of Alken an der Mosel, Germany. Part 3: Eurypterida, Hughmilleriidae. — Senckenbergiana lethaea54: 119–205.Google Scholar
  78. Størmer, L. 1974. Arthropods from the Lower Devonian (Lower Emsian) of Alken an der Mosel, Germany. Part 4: Eurypterida, Drepanopteridae, and other groups. — Senckenbergiana lethaea54: 359–451.Google Scholar
  79. Størmer, L. 1976. Arthropods from the Lower Devonian (Lower Emsian) of Alken an der Mosel, Germany. Part 5: Myriapoda and additional forms, with general remarks on fauna and problems regarding invasion of land by arthropods. — Senckenbergiana lethaea57: 87–183.Google Scholar
  80. Størmer, L. 1977. Arthropod invasion of land during Late Silurian and Devonian times. — Science197: 1362–1364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Stumm, E.C. &Kjellesvig-Waering, E.N. 1962. A new eurypterid from the Upper Silurian of southern Michigan. — Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan17: 195–204.Google Scholar
  82. Tetlie, O.E. 2004a. The genitalia ofJaekelopterus rhenaniae and its phylogenetic position. — The Palaeontological Association Newsletter56: 116–119.Google Scholar
  83. Tetlie, O.E. 2004b. Eurypterid phylogeny with remarks on the origin of Arachnida. — Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Bristol, Bristol, U.K. — 320 p.Google Scholar
  84. Tetlie, O.E. in review. Like father, like son? Not among the eurypterids (Chelicerata) from Beartooth Butte, Wyoming. — Journal of Paleontology.Google Scholar
  85. Tetlie, O.E.;Braddy, S.J.;Butler, P.D. &Briggs, D.E.G. 2004. A new eurypterid (Chelicerata: Eurypterida) from the Upper Devonian Gogo Formation of Western Australia, with a review of the Rhenopteridae. — Palaeontology47: 801–809.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Tetlie, O.E. &Van Roy, P. 2006. A reappraisal ofEurypterus dumonti Stainier, 1917 and its position within the Adelophthalmidae Tollerton, 1989. — Bulletin de l’Institute Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre76: 79–90.Google Scholar
  87. Tollerton, V.P. Jr 1989. Morphology, taxonomy, and classification of the order Eurypterida Burmeister, 1843. — Journal of Paleontology63: 642–657.Google Scholar
  88. Tollerton, V.P. Jr 1997. Eurypterids and associated fauna at Litchfield, a classic locality in Herkimer County. — New York State Geological Association, Annual Meeting and Guidebook1997: 253–264.Google Scholar
  89. Tollerton, V.P. Jr 2004. Summary of a revision of New York State Ordovician eurypterids: implications for eurypterid palaeoecology, diversity and evolution. — Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences94: 235–242.Google Scholar
  90. Vannier, J.;Wang Shang-Qi &Coen, M. 2001. Leperiditicopid arthropods (Ordovician-Late Devonian): functional morphology and ecological range. — Journal of Paleontology75: 75–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Waterlot, G. 1966. Les Gigantostracés du Siluro-Dévonien de Liévin. — Mémoires de la Société Géologique du Nord14: 1–23.Google Scholar
  92. Waterston, C.D. 1964. Observations on pterygotid eurypterids. — Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh66 (2): 9–33.Google Scholar
  93. Wehrmann, A.;Hertweck, G.;Brocke, R.;Jansen, U.;Königshof, P.;Plodowski, G.;Schindler, E.;Wilde, V.;Blieck, A. &Schultka, S. 2005. Paleoenvironment of an Early Devonian land-sea transition: a case study from the southern margin of the Old Red Continent (Mosel Valley, Germany). — Palaios20: 101–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Weidmann, C. 1967. Ein neuer Eurypteriden-Fund in der Eifel. — Glückauf, Bergmännische Zeitschrift103: 43–44.Google Scholar
  95. Whitfield, R.P. 1882. Descriptions of new species of fossils from Ohio, with remarks on some of the geological formations in which they occur. — Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences2: 193–244.Google Scholar
  96. Woodward, H. 1864. Descriptions of some new Palaeozoic Crustacea. — Geological Magazine1: 197–200.Google Scholar
  97. Woodward, H. 1865. On some new species of Crustacea belonging to the order Eurypterida. — Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London21: 482–486.Google Scholar
  98. Woodward, H. 1866–1878. A monograph of the British Fossil Crustacea belonging to the order Merostomata. — Palaeontographical Society Monograph19 (83) [1866],22 (95) [1869],25 (112) [1872],26 (119) [1872],32 (145) [1878]: 1–263.Google Scholar
  99. Woodward, H. 1913. The position of the Merostomata. — Geological Magazine50: 293–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Zittel, K.A. 1885. Handbuch der Paläontologie2. — 893 p., München (R. Oldenbourg).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Landesamt für DenkmalpflegeReferat Erdgeschichtliche DenkmalpflegeMainzGermany
  2. 2.Department of Geology and GeophysicsYale UniversityNew HavenUSA

Personalised recommendations