Advertisement

Paläontologische Zeitschrift

, Volume 63, Issue 1–2, pp 55–78 | Cite as

A review of the trinucleid trilobites of China

  • Z. Y. Zhou
  • C. P. Hughes
Article

Abstract

Trinucleid trilobites from China assigned to twenty-five species representing seven genera are reviewed. Their occurrence is restricted mainly to the Yangtse region of China, and two stratigraphically distinct faunas are present. A hanchungolithine-Yinpanolithus fauna of Arenig age shows affinities to the trinucleid faunas of central Europe and northern Gondwanaland. ANankinolithus- reedolitne fauna of Caradoc to Ashgill age possesses species of Caradoc age that show affinity to the trinucleid faunas of Europe, whereas the species of Ashgill age show cosmopolitan affinities. No trinucleids are yet known from the Llandeilo of China and records from north of the Yangtse region are as yet unpublished. One new species,Nankinolithus yanhaoi is erected and a full description given for the first time of “Trinucleus”richthofeni Kayser, 1883 which is assigned to the genusHanchungolithus. Lectotypes are selected forNingkianolithus welleri, Ningkianolithus honghuayuanensis, Hanchungolithus xiangyangensis andYinpanolithus yinpanensis.

Keywords

Ordovician Posterior Margin Cephalon Internal Mould Border Furrow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Kurzfassung

Trinucleide Trilobiten aus China, die fünfundzwanzig Arten und sieben Gattungen angehören, werden revidiert. Sie kommen fast ausschließlich im Jangtsegebiet Chinas vor, wobei sich zwei stratigraphisch verschiedene Faunen nachweisen lassen. Die Hanchungolithinen-yinpanolithus-Fauna des Arenig zeigt Beziehungen zu den trinucleiden Faunen Mitteleuropas und des nördlichen Gondwana. Bei derNankinolithus-Reedolithinen-Fauna des Caradoc und Ashgill weisen die Arten des Caradoc verwandtschaftliche Beziehungen zu den trinucleiden Faunen Europas auf, während die des Ashgill kosmopolitische Züge zeigen. Trinucleide Trilobiten des Llandeilo sind bisher aus China nicht bekannt, und Funde aus dem Gebiet nördlich des Jangtse wurden noch nicht veröffentlicht. Eine neue Art,Nankinolithus yanhaoi, wird aufgestellt, und »Trinucleus«richthofeni Kayser, 1883 wird zum ersten Mai ausführlich beschrieben und der GattungHanchungolithus zugeordnet. Lectotypoide fürNingkianolithus welleri, Ningkianolithus honghuayuanensis, Hanchungolithus xiangyangensis undYinpanolithus yinpanensis werden ausgewählt.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature

  1. Apollonov, M. K. (1974): Ashgill trilobites from Kazakhstan. — Acad. Nauk Kazakhstan S.S.S.R., 1–136, Alma Ata. [in Russian]Google Scholar
  2. Bancroft, B. B. (1929): Some New Species ofCryptolithus (s. 1.), from the Upper Ordovician. — Mem., Proc. Manchester Lit. and Philosoph. Soc,73: 67–98; Manchester.Google Scholar
  3. Born, A. (1921): Eine Untersilurfauna aus den Montagnes noires (Centralplateau). — Senckenbergiana,3: 181–193; Frankfurt a. M.Google Scholar
  4. Brenchley, P. J.;Harper, J. C. &Skevington, D. (1967): Lower Ordovician shelly and graptolitic faunas from south-eastern Ireland. — Proc. Royal Irish Acad.,65B: 385–390; Dublin.Google Scholar
  5. Campbell, K. S. W. &Durham, G.J. (1970): A new trinucleid trilobite from the Upper Ordovician of New South Wales. — Palaeontology,13: 573–580; London.Google Scholar
  6. Chang Wentang (1964): Ordovician trilobites. — [In:] Atlas of Palaeozoic fossils of northern Guizhou: 20 plates without text. — Nanjing Inst. Geol. Palaeont., Acad. Sinica, Nanjing, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  7. Chang Wentang &Jell, P. A. (1983): Chinese Ordovician trilobites housed in the Smithsonian Institution. — Mem., Assoc. Australasian Palaeontologists,1: 192–208; Sydney.Google Scholar
  8. Chang Wentang;Li Jijin;Ge Meiyu &Chen Junyuan (1982): Subdivision and correlation of Ordovician in China — Ordovician correlation charts of China and explanations. — [In:] Stratigraphical correlation charts of China and explanations: 55–72, Science Press, Beijing, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  9. Cheng Runye &Jian Wanchou (1961): On the occurrence ofNankinolithus from the Upper Ordovician in Dabashan, N. Sichuan. — Acta Palaeontologica Sinica,9: 336–339, Beijing, [in Chinese with English summary]Google Scholar
  10. Cocks, L. R. M. &Fortey, R. A. (1982): Faunal evidence for oceanic separations in the Palaeozoic of Britain.— J. Geol. Soc. London,139: 465–478; London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dean, W. T. (1960): The Ordovician trilobite faunas of South Shropshire, I. — Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Geol.),4: 71–143; London.Google Scholar
  12. —— (1966): The Lower Ordovician stratigraphy and trilobites of the Landeyran Valley and the neighbouring district of the Montagne Noire, south-western France. — Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Geol.),12: 245–353; London.Google Scholar
  13. El-Khayal, A. A. &Romano, M. (1985): Lower Ordovician trilobites from the Hanadir Shale of Saudi Arabia.— Palaeontology,28: 401–412; London.Google Scholar
  14. Endo, R. (1932): The Canadian and Ordovician formations and fossils of South Manchuria. — Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus.,164: 1–152; Washington, D. C.Google Scholar
  15. Fortey, R. A. (1975): The Ordovician trilobites of Spitsbergen. II. Asaphidae, Nileidae, Raphiophoridae and Telephinidae of the Valhallfonna Formation. — Skrifter Norsk Polarinst.,162: 1–207; Oslo.Google Scholar
  16. Fortey, R. A. &Morris, S. F. (1982): The Ordovician trilobiteNeseuretus from Saudi Arabia, and the palaeogeography of theNeseuretus fauna related to Gondwanaland in the earlier Ordovician. — Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Geol.),36: 63–75; London.Google Scholar
  17. Fortey, R. A. &Owens, R. M. (1987): The Arenig Series in South Wales. — Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Geol.),41: 69–307; London.Google Scholar
  18. Harper, J. C. &Romano, M. (1967):Decordinaspis - a new Caradoc trinucleid trilobite from the Ordovician of Ireland. — Proc. Roy. Ir. Acad.,65B: 305–308; Dublin.Google Scholar
  19. Hawle, I. &Corda, A. J. C. (1847): Prodrom einer Monographic der böhmischen Trilobiten. — 176 pp., Prague.Google Scholar
  20. Hughes, C. P. (1971): The Ordovician trilobite faunas of the Builth-Llandrindod inlier, Central Wales. Part II. — Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Geol),20: 115–182; London.Google Scholar
  21. Hughes, C. P.;Ingham, J. K. &Addison, R. (1975): The morphology, classification, and evolution of the Trinucleidae (Trilobita). — Philosoph. Trans. Roy. Soc. London,B272: 537–604; London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hughes, C. P. &Wright, A. J. (1970): The trilobitesIncaia Whittard 1955 andAnebolithus gen. nov. — Palaeontology,13: 677–690; London.Google Scholar
  23. Ingham, J. K. (1970): The upper Ordovician trilobites from the Cautley and Dent districts of Westmorland and Yorkshire. Part I. — Palaeontogr. Soc. [Mon.]: 1–58; London.Google Scholar
  24. ——(1974): The upper Ordovician trilobites from the Cautley and Dent districts of Westmorland and Yorkshire. Part II. — Palaeontogr. Soc. [Mon.]: 59–87; London.Google Scholar
  25. Kayser, E. (1883): Mittel- und Obersilurische Versteinerungen aus dem Gebirgsland von Tschau-tien im nordostlichen Teil der Provinz Sz'tshwan. — [In:]Richthofen, F. F. (Hrsg.): Beiträge zur Paläontologie von China: 37–49; Berlin.Google Scholar
  26. Kielan, Z. (1960): Upper Ordovician trilobites from Poland and some related forms from Bohemia and Scandinavia.— Palaeontologica Polonica,11: i-iv, 1–198; Warsaw.Google Scholar
  27. KlouČek, C. (1916): Uber die d-Schichten und ihre Trilobitenfauna. — Bull, internat. Acad, tchéque sci.,21: 231–246; Prague.Google Scholar
  28. Kobayashi, T. (1951): On the Ordovician trilobites in central China. — J. Fac. Sci. Tokyo Univ., Section 2,8: 1–87; Tokyo.Google Scholar
  29. Lamont, A. (1941): Trinucleidae in Eire. — Ann., Mag. nat. Hist. ser. 11,8: 438–469; London.Google Scholar
  30. Lee Shanji (1978): Trilobita. — [In:] Palaeontological atlas of Southwest China, Sichuan Volume, Part I. Sinian to Devonian: 179–284. Geol. Publ. House, Beijing, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  31. Lesperance, P.J. (1968): Ordovician and Silurian trilobite faunas of the White Head Formation, Percé region, Québec. — J. Paleont.,42: 811–826; Tulsa.Google Scholar
  32. Li Yaoxi;Song Liseng;Zhou Zhiqiang &Yang Jingyao (1975): Stratigraphy of the early Palaeozoic stratigraphy of western Dabashan Mountains. — 372 pp. Geol. Publ. House, Beijing, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  33. Lu Yanhao (1954): A brief note on the upper Ordovician trilobites from Tangshan, Nanjing. — Proc. Palaeont. Soc. China, 7: 8, Beijing, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  34. —— (1957): Trilobita. — [In:] Index Fossils of China, Part 3:257294. Geol. Publ. House, Beijing, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  35. —— (1963): The ontogeny ofHanchungolithus multiseriatus (Endo) andNingkianolithus welleri (Endo), with a brief note on the classification of the Trinucleidae. — Acta palaeontologica Sinica,11: 319–345; Beijing, [in Chinese with English summary]Google Scholar
  36. —— (1964): Ontogeny ofHanchungolithus multiseriatus (Endo) andNingkianolithus welleri (Endo) (Trilobita). — Scientia sinica,13: 291–308; Beijing.Google Scholar
  37. —— (1975): Ordovician trilobite faunas of Central and Southwestern China. — Palaeontologica Sinica, New series B,11: 463 pp.; Beijing, [in Chinese and English]Google Scholar
  38. Lu Yanhao &Chang Wentang (1974): Ordovician trilobites. — [In:] A Handbook of Stratigraphy and Palaeontology in Southwest China: 124–136. Science Press, Beijing, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  39. Lu Yanhao;Chang Wentang;Zhu Chaoling;Qian Yiyuan &Hsiang Liwen (1965): Trilobites of China,2: 363–766. Science Press, Beijing, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  40. Lu Yanhao;Zhu Chaoling;Qian Yiyuan;Zhou Zhiyi;Chen Junyuan;Liu Gengwu;Yu Wen;Chen Xu &Xu Hankui (1976): Ordovician biostratigraphy and palaeozoogeography of China. — Mem. Nanjing Inst. geol. palaeont. Academia Sinica,7: 1–83; Nanjing, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  41. Lu Yanhao &Zhou Zhiyi (1981): Early Upper Ordovician trilobites from the Nanjing Hills. — Bull. Nanjing Inst, geol., palaeont. Academia Sinica,3:1–27; Nanjing, [in Chinese with English abstract]Google Scholar
  42. Luo Weiling (1974): Trilobita. — [In:] Atlas of Fossils of Yunnan. 2 volumes: 864 pp. People Press of Yunnan, Kunming, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  43. Moore, R. C. (ed.) (1959): Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part 0 Arthropoda 1. — 560 pp., Geol. Soc. America, Boulder, and Kansas Univ. Press, Lawrence, Kansas.Google Scholar
  44. Öpik, A. A. (1967): The Mindyallan fauna of north-western Queensland. — Bull. Bur. Miner. Res., Geol., Geophys.,74: 1–404; Canberra.Google Scholar
  45. Price, D. (1980): The Ordovician trilobite fauna of the Sholeshook Limestone Formation South Wales. — Palaeontology,23: 839–887; London.Google Scholar
  46. PŘibyl, A. &VanĚk J. (1967):Declivolithus gen. n., eine neue Trilobiten-Gattung aus dem bohmischen Mittel-Ordovizium. — Časopis pro Mineralogii a Geologii,12: 453–455; Prague.Google Scholar
  47. PŘibyl, A. &VanĚk J. (1969): Trilobites of the family Trinucleidae Hawle et Corda, 1847 from the Ordovician of Bohemia. — Sbornik geologickych ved. Paleontologie,11: 85–137; Prague.Google Scholar
  48. Qiu Hongan et al. (1983): Trilobita. — [In:] Palaeontological atlas of East China, Part I: Early Palaeozoic: 657 pp. Geol. Publ. House, Beijing, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  49. Reed, F. R. C. (1897): Appendix on the fossils. — [In:]Gardiner, C. I. &Reynolds, S. H.: An account of the Portraine Inlier (Co. Dublin). — Quart. J. geol. Soc. London,53: 535–539; London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Ruttner, A.;Nabavi, M. H. &Hajian, J. (1968): Geology of the Shirgesht Area (Tabas area, East Iran). — Rep. geol. Surv. Iran,4: 1–133; Tehran.Google Scholar
  51. Sheng Xinfu (1964): Upper Ordovician trilobite faunas of Szechuan-Kweichow with special discussion on the classification and boundaries of the upper Ordovician. — Acta palaeontologica Sinica,12: 537–571; Beijing, [in Chinese and English]Google Scholar
  52. —— (1974a): On the age of Chinese Dalmanitina beds. — [In:] Subdivision and correlation of the Ordovician in China: 53–95. Geol. Publ. House, Beijing, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  53. —— (1974b): Ordovician trilobites from western Yunnan and their stratigraphical significance. — [In:] Subdivision and correlation of the Ordovician in China: 96–140. Geol. Publ. House, Beijing, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  54. Stetson, H. C. (1927): The distribution and relationships of the Trinucleidae. — Bull. Mus. comp. Zool. Harvard,68: 87–104; Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  55. StØrmer, L. (1930): Scandinavian Trinucleidae with special references to Norwegian species and varieties. — Skrifter Norskutgitt Videnskapsakad. Oslo Mat. Naturv. Klasse 1.,4: 1–111; Oslo.Google Scholar
  56. Wahlenberg, G. (1818): Petrificata Telluris Svecanae. — Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis,8: 1–116; Uppsala.Google Scholar
  57. Wang Yu et al. (1962): Handbook of Index Fossils of the Yan gtze Region. — 188 pp., Science Press, Beijing [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  58. —— (1964): Handbook of Index Fossils of South China. — 173 pp., Science Press, Beijing, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  59. Whittard, W. F. (1955): The Ordovician trilobites of the Shelve inlier, West Shropshire. Part I. — Palaeontogr. Soc. [Mon.]: 1-40; London.Whittard, W. F. (1957): “Trinucleus ”primitivus from the south of France. — Senckenbergiana, 38: 267–274; Frankfurt a. M.Google Scholar
  60. Whittington, H. B. (1941): The Trinucleidae — with special reference to North American genera and species. — J. Paleont.,15: 21–41; Tulsa.Google Scholar
  61. —— (1966): Phylogeny and distribution of Ordovician trilobites. — J. Palaeont.,40: 696–737; Tulsa.Google Scholar
  62. Whittington, H. B. &Hughes, C. P. (1972): Ordovician geography and faunal provinces deduced from trilobite distribution.— Philosoph. Trans. Roy. Soc. London,B263: 235–278; London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Xia Shufang (1978): Ordovician trilobites. — [In:] Sinian to Permian Stratigraphy and Palaeontology of the East Yangtze Gorge area: 157–185. Geol. Publ. House, Beijing, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  64. Yi Yongen (1963): Ordovician Trilobita. — [In:] Handbook of fossils from Qingling (Tsingling): 255 pp. Industry Press of China, Beijing, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  65. Yin Gongzhing &Lee Shanji (1978): Trilobita. — [In:] Palaeontological Atlas of Southwest China. Guizhou volume, Part I. Cambrian to Devonian: 385–595. Geol. Publ. House, Beijing, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  66. Zheng Qingluan et al. (1983): Subdivision and correlation on the Ordovician in the eastern Yangtze Gorges, China. — Bull. Yichang Inst. Geol, Miner. Res., Chin. Acad. Geol. Sci.,6: 1–56; Yichang.Google Scholar
  67. Zhou Tianmei;Liu Yiren;Meng Xianson &Sun Zenghua (1977): Trilobita. — [In:] Palaeontological atlas of Central and South China, early Palaeozoic volume, part I: 104–266. Geol. Publ. House, Beijing, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  68. Zhou Zhiqiang;Li Jinsong &Qu Xinguo (1982): Trilobita. — [In:] Palaeontological atlas of North-west China, Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia volume, Part I, Precambrian and early Palaeozoic: 215–294, 446-460. Geol. Publ. House, Beijing, [in Chinese]Google Scholar
  69. Zhou Zhiyi &Zhang Jinlin (1978): Cambrian-Ordovician Boundary of the Tangshan Area with descriptions of the related trilobite fauna. — Acta palaeontologica Sinica,17:1–28; Beijing, [in Chinese with English summary]Google Scholar
  70. Zhou Zhiyi &Zhou Zhiqiang (1982): An Ashgill (Rawtheyan) trilobite faunule from Ejin Qi, Nei Monggol (Inner Mongolia). — Acta palaeontologica Sinica,21: 659–671; Beijing, [in Chinese with English summary]Google Scholar

Copyright information

© E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z. Y. Zhou
    • 1
  • C. P. Hughes
    • 2
  1. 1.Nanjing Institute of Geology and PalaeontologyAcademia Sinica, Chi-Ming-Ssu, NanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Earth SciencesCambridge UniversityCambridgeEngland

Personalised recommendations