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Acute effects on chromium, copper, zinc, and selected clinical variables in urine and serum of male runners

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Abstract

Nine male runners (23-46 yr) ran 6 mi near their maximal pace. Blood and urine samples were obtained prior to, immediately after, and 2 h following the run; 24-h urine collections were also taken on the run and nonrun days. Serum chromium increased significantly (P < 0.05) from 0.12 ± 0.02 (mean ± SE) to 0.17 ± 0.03 ng/mL immediately following running and remained elevated, 0.19 ± 0.03 ng/mL, after 2 h. Urinary chromium concentration was elevated several-fold 2 h following running and daily urinary chromium losses were about twofold higher on the day of the run compared to a rest day. Serum zinc was not significantly different from prerun values immediately following running, 81 ± 4 and 85 ± 4 pμg/dL, respectively, but then decreased significantly to 75 ± 4 2 h after exercise. Urinary zinc concentration was elevated more than twofold 2 h after running and total urinary losses on the day of the run were more than 1.5-fold higher than those on the nonrun day. Serum copper was not altered by exercise. Serum high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, but not total cholesterol increased significantly following running. HDL cholesterol values were similar to prerun values within 2 h of running. Serum triglycerides, phosphate, creatinine, bilirubin, uric acid, and alkaline phosphatase were also elevated immediately following running, whereas albumin, total protein, and blood urea nitrogen remained constant. These data demonstrate that accompanying the transitory changes in selected clinical indices caused by strenuous running there are alterations in chromium and zinc concentrations in serum and urine and increased specific urinary losses of these essential nutrients.

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Anderson, R.A., Polansky, M.M. & Bryden, N.A. Acute effects on chromium, copper, zinc, and selected clinical variables in urine and serum of male runners. Biol Trace Elem Res 6, 327–336 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02989240

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