Sivatherium maurusium (Pomel) (Giraffidae, Mammalia) du Pléistocène de la République de Djibouti

Kurzfassung

Beschreibung eines vollständigen Schädels und mehrer anderer Reste vonS. maurusium aus Djibouti im Vergleich mit anderen afrikanischen Fossilien und mit der Siwalik-Art. Die bei den Sivatheriinae zum ersten Mal beschriebene Hinterhauptbasis betont die Eigentümlichkeit dieser Gruppe. Bemerkungen über die Phylogenie und Ökologie vonSivatherium.

Abstract

Description of a complete skull and several other remains ofS. maurusium from the Pleistocene of Djibouti, compared with other African fossils and with the Sivalik species. The cranial base, described for the first time in the Sivatheriinae, adds to the originality of this group. The phylogeny and ecology ofSivatherium are discussed.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Bibliographie

  1. Abel, O. (1904): Über einen Fund vonSivatherium giganteum bei Adrianopel. - Sitz. math, naturw. Kl. k. Akad. Wiss.,113 (1): 1–22, 3 fig., 1 pl; Wien.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Amat Munoz, P. (1959): Vergleichende Untersuchungen zur endocranialen Morphologie und zur craniocerebralen Topographie von Giraffe und Okapi (Mammalia, Paraxonia, Pecora, Giraffoidea). - Gegenb. Morph. Jb.,100 (2): 213–264, 14 fig.; Leipzig.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Arambourg, C. (1979): Vertébrés villafranchiens d’Afrique du Nord (Artiodactyles, Carnivores, Primates, Reptiles, Oiseaux). - 140 pp., pl 25-61; Paris (Fondation Singer-Polignac).

    Google Scholar 

  4. Black, D. (1915): A study of the endocranial casts ofOcapia, Giraffa andSamotherium, with special reference to the convolutional pattern in the family of Giraffidae. - J. Comp. Neurol.,25 (4): 329–360, 25 fig.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Bohlin, B. (1929): Die Familie Giraffidae. - Pal. Sin., C,4 (1): 1–178, 254 fig., 12 pl.; Pékin.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Bonis, L. de;Bouvrain, G. &Geraads, D. (1979): Artiodactyles du Miocène superieur de Macédoine. - Ann. géol. pays Hellèn., H. S.,1: 167–175; Athènes.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Bonis, L. de;Geraads, D.;Guerin, C.;Haga, A.;Jaeger, J.-J. &Sen, S. (1984): Découverte d’un Homi- nidé fossile dans le Pléistocène de la République de Djibouti. - C. R. Acad. Sc. Paris, II,299 (15): 1097–1100, 1 fig.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Colbert, E. H. (1935): Siwalik Mammals in the American Museum of Natural History. - Trans. Amer. Phil, soc,26: 1–401, 198 fig; Philadelphia.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Courtillot, V.;Achache, L.;Landre, F.;Bonhommet, N.;Montigny, R. &Feraud, G. (1984): Episodic spreading and rift propagation: new paleomagnetic and geochronologic date from the Afar nascent passive margin. - J. Geophys. Res.,89 (B 5): 3315–3333, 11 fig.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Couturier, M. (1962): Le bouquetin des Alpes. - Ed. par l’auteur, 1564 pp, fig.; Grenoble.

  11. Falconer, H. &Cautley, P. T. (1868):Sivatherium giganteum, a new fossil Ruminant genus, from the valley of Murkunda, in the Sewalik branch of the sub-Himalayan mountains. [In:]Murchison, C: Palaeontological Memoirs and Notes of the late H. FALCONER, p. 247–265; London (Hardwicke).

    Google Scholar 

  12. Geraads, D.: La faune des dépôts pleistocènes de l’Ouest du lac Natron (Tanzanie); interprétation biostratigraphique. - Sc. géol.; Strasbourg.

  13. Godina, A.-YA. (1983): On some patterns of evolution in the Sivatheriinae (Giraffidae). -Paleont. J., fasc.1: 98–106. Silver Spring, MD (Scripta publ. Co.).

    Google Scholar 

  14. Guerin, C. (1966):Diceros douariensis nov. sp., un Rhinocéros du Mio-Pliocène de Tunisie du Nord. - Doc. Lab. géol. Fac. Sci. Lyon,16: 1–50, 12 fig.; Lyon.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Hamilton, W. R. (1973): The lower Miocene Ruminants of Gebel Zelten, Libya. - Bull. Brit. Mus. (nat. Hist.) Geol., 21 (3): 75–150, 13 fig., 14 pl.; London.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Harris, J. M. (1974): Orientation and variability in the ossicones of African Sivatheriinae (Mammalia: Giraffidae). - Ann. S. Afr. Mus.,65 (6): 189–198, 5 fig.; Cape Town.

    Google Scholar 

  17. — (1976a): Pleistocene Giraffidae (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) from East Rudolf, Kenya - [In:]Savage, R. J. G. &Coryndon, S. C. (Eds.): Fossil Vertebrates of Africa, Acad. Press,4: 283–332, 18 pl.; London.

    Google Scholar 

  18. — (1976b): Pliocene Giraffoidea (Mammalia, Artiodactyla) from the Cape Province. - Ann. S. Afr. Mus.,69 (12): 325–353, 9 fig.; Cape Town.

    Google Scholar 

  19. LeGros Clark, W. E. (1939): The brain of the Okapi. - Proc. zool. Soc. London,109: 153–159, 4 fig.; London.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Leinders, J. J. M. &Heintz, E. (1980): The configuration of the lacrimal orifices in Pecorans and Tragulids (Artiodactyla, Mammalia) and its significance for the distinction between Bovidae and Cervidae. - Beaufortia,30 (7): 155–162, 3 fig.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Morales, J. &Soria, D. (1981): Los Artiodáctilos de Los Valles de Fuentidueña (Segovia). -Estudios geol.,37: 477–501, 31 fig., 2 pl.; Madrid.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Pomel, A. (1892): Sur leLibytherium maurusium, grand Ruminant du terrain pliocène plaisancien d’Algérie. - C. R. Acad. Sc., Paris,115: 100–102; Paris.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Roger, P.;Thibault, C;Weidmann, M. &Clin, M. (1974): Elements de la stratigraphie du Plio-Pléistocène du Territoire français des Afars et des Issas. - C. R. Acad. Sc., Paris,278, D: 3291–3293; Paris.

    Google Scholar 

  24. Singer, R. &Bone, E. L. (1960): Modern Giraffes and the fossil Giraffids of Africa. - Ann. S. Afr. Mus.,45 (4): 375–548, 53 pl., 25 fig.; Cape Town.

    Google Scholar 

  25. Thomas, H.;Coppens, Y.;Thibault, C. &Weidmann, M. (1984): Découverte de Vertébrés fossiles dans le Pléistocène inférieur de la République de Djibouti. -C. R. Acad. Sc. Paris, II,299 (1): 43–48; Paris.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Denis Geraads.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Geraads, D. Sivatherium maurusium (Pomel) (Giraffidae, Mammalia) du Pléistocène de la République de Djibouti. Paläont. Z. 59, 311–321 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02988816

Download citation