Trends in cancer survival and mortality rates
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Survival, i.e. the time from report to cancer registry to death was studied for 591,456 cases of cancer diagnosedin vivo from 1960 to 1984. Ten years survival increased from 35 to 40%. Survival rates for women were higher than for men. Since 10 years survival almost suggests cure, lead time bias is assumed not to be a major factor. Nor are relaxed histological criteria, detecting non-fatal tumors, intensified microscopic examination, changes in the relative frequency of cancer types, or increasing numbers of elderly patients assumed to be major artefacts. In contrast, improved socio-economic and health status are. Early detection also improves survival in some cancer types.
Key wordsCancer Survival Epidemiology
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