Can Eradication Therapy for Helicobacter pylori Really Improve the Thrombocytopenia in Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura? Our Experience and a Literature Review

Abstract

Helicobacter pylori has recently been postulated to play a role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, including idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). We investigated the prevalence ofH pylori infection and the effects of its eradication in 61 patients with ITP.H pylori infection was found in 50 patients (83%), an incidence significantly higher than not only healthy volunteers in Japan (60%) but also subjects in other reported ITP series (approximately 43%–71%). In our study, the mean age ofH pylori-positive ITP patients (58.0 years) was significantly higher than that ofH pylori-negative ITP patients (40.5 years). Bacterium eradication efforts were performed in 29 infected ITP patients and succeeded in 27 patients (93%). The 29 patients with eradicatedH pylori infections showed significant increases in platelet counts compared with patients with uneradicated infections or who wereH pylori-negative. During the follow-up period (median, 11.0 months), 16 (55%) of 29 patients achieved a major or a minor response. The patients who achieved a major response had not received previous prednisolone therapy, suggesting a relationship between prednisolone therapy and the response to eradication efforts.The assessment ofH pylori infection and its eradication should be attempted in cases of ITP, because this approach may be a good new strategy for treating some ITP patients, especially elderly Japanese patients. Some regional factors have been suggested as causes ofH pylori-associated ITP.

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Correspondence to Keiko Ando or Takashi Shimamoto or Tetsuzo Tauchi or Yoshikazu Ito or Yuzuru Kuriyama or Akihiko Gotoh or Keisuke Miyazawa or Yukihiko Kimura or Takashi Kawai or Kazuma Ohyashikia.

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Ando, K., Shimamoto, T., Tauchi, T. et al. Can Eradication Therapy for Helicobacter pylori Really Improve the Thrombocytopenia in Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura? Our Experience and a Literature Review. Int J Hematol 77, 239–244 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02983780

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Key words

  • Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Eradication therapy