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International Journal of Hematology

, Volume 75, Issue 3, pp 277–280 | Cite as

PCR-Based Analysis of α-Thalassemia in Southern Taiwan

  • Tyen-Po Chen
  • Ta-Chih Liu
  • Chao-Sung Chang
  • Jang-Gowth Chang
  • Hui-Jen Tsai
  • Sheng-Fung Lin
Special Report

Abstract

The Southeast Asia type deletion of α-thalassemia-1 (-- sea ) is the most common type of α-thalassemia-1 in Taiwan. There are 2 less common types, Filipino type (-- fil ) and Thai type (-- thai ). In the current study, we screened 754 cases of α-thalassemia-1 in Southern Taiwan using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based method. Our results show that the prevalence of the (-- sea ) type is 90.6%, followed by the (-- fil ) type (8.6%), the (-- thai ) type (0.5%), and the (-α3.7/-α3.7) type (0.3%). We also analyzed the genotypes of 96 patients with hemoglobin (Hb) H disease and 48 cases of hydrops fetalis with Hb Bart’s. The frequencies of the genotypes of the α-thalassemia-1 allele in Hb H disease are in accordance with the results of analyses of α-thalassemia-1 cases. The α-thalassemia-2 allele includes -α3.7, -α4.2,-αG, αCSα, and αQSα. Forty-one cases, 6 cases, and 1 case of hydrops fetalis with Hb Bart’s were caused by -- sea /-- sea , -- sea /-- fil , and-- sea /-- thai , respectively. The genotypes and frequencies of α-thalassemia in this study are different from those in previous studies in Taiwan and Hong Kong. These differences may be attributed to the diverse genetic origin among different ethnic groups and the extensive inclusion of the (-- fil ) and (-- thai ) α-thalassemia-1 types.

Key words

α-Thalassemia PCR-based detection Southern Taiwan 

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Hematology 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tyen-Po Chen
    • 1
  • Ta-Chih Liu
    • 1
  • Chao-Sung Chang
    • 1
  • Jang-Gowth Chang
    • 2
  • Hui-Jen Tsai
    • 1
  • Sheng-Fung Lin
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Internal MedicineKaohsiung Medical University HospitalKaohsiung
  2. 2.Department of Laboratory MedicineChina Medical College HospitalTaichungTaiwan

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