Preinoculation of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.) seedlings with soilborne fungi nonpathogenic to pigeon pea, namely,Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.niveum; F. oxysporum f.sp.ciceris; F. solani f.sp.pisi; andCephalosporium sacchari, before challenge inoculation with the pathogenFusarium udum, or simultaneous inoculation of the seedlings with nonpathogen and pathogen was effective in controlling wilt of pigeon pea to a great extent. Inoculation with the nonpathogens before the challenge inoculation was more effective than simultaneous inoculation and gave up to 81.6% protection. The higher the spore concentration of the nonpathogenic fungi, the better was the degree of protection. The shorter the period was (in the range of 2–7 days) between nonpathogen inoculation and challenge inoculation, the greater was the degree of protection. Injury to the roots resulted in a decrease of the effect. Maximum disease reduction was obtained when the seedlings were kept at 20-30°C before inoculation; at 5°C and also at 40°C, protection was much less.
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Chakraborty, A., Gupta, P.K.S. Factors affecting cross protection of fusarium wilt of pigeon pea by soilborne nonpathogenic fungi. Phytoparasitica 23, 323–334 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02981425