Advertisement

Phytoparasitica

, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 43–53 | Cite as

Protecting peppers from aphid-borne viruses with aluminum foil or plastic mulch

  • G. Loebenstein
  • Miriam Alper
  • S. Levy
  • D. Palevitch
  • E. Menagem
Article

Abstract

Aluminum foil and plastic mulch, covering 57-83% of the ground in peppers from emergence, effectively protected the crop against aphid-borne cucumber mosaic and potato virus Y by repelling winged aphids. Aluminum foil and grey plastic sheets gave the best results, followed closely by white plastic on black. The mulches were most efficient during the first 3 weeks in the field, after which they lost some of their reflectance. Trappings of winged aphids from the aluminum-covered plots during the first 3 weeks were only 2 and 5% of the control, and those in the grey-plastic-covered plots were between 6 and 12%.Myzus persicae was especially sensitive to reflection, and trappings in the aluminum and grey plastic plots during the first 3 weeks were less than 0.6 and 2% of the control, respectively. Repellence of winged aphids was correlated with virus incidence, especially during years with high natural virus spread; infection rates in the mulched plots at harvest time reached only 4.5-6% compared with 45% in the controls. As a result, yields were markedly higher except in the aluminum-mulched plot where in one season growth of plants was retarded, perhaps due to lower soil temperature.

Key Words

Viruses aphid-borne control by reflective surfaces reflective surfaces in control of aphid-borne viruses 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Adleiz, W.C. andEverett, P.H. (1968) Aluminium foil and white polyethylene mulches to repel aphids and control watermelon mosaic.J. econ. Ent. 61: 1276–1279.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Alper, M., Levy, S. andLoebenstein, G. (1973) [Mulches to repel aphids from peppers.]Hassadeh 53: 529–531. (in Hebrew)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Alpei, M. andLoebenstein, G. (1966) Trappings of flying aphids in several areas of Israel, as a guide to growing virus-free potato and iris stocks.Israel J. agric. Res. 16: 143–146.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Alper, M., Loebenstein, G. andLevy, S. (1970 [Reflective surfaces to repel aphids and control virus spread.]Hassadeh 52: 116–118. (in Hebrew)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Johnson, G.V., Bing, A. andSmith, F.F. (1967) Reflective surfaces used to repel dispersing aphids and reduce spread of aphid-borne cucumber mosaic virus in gladiolus plantings.J. econ. Ent. 60: 16–18.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jones, F.R. andChapman, R.K. (1968) Aluminum foil and other reflective surfaces to manipulate the movement of aphid vectors of plant viruses.Proc. N. cent. Brch Am. Ass. econ. Ent. 23: 146–148.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kring, J.B. (1964) New ways to repel aphids.Front. Pl. Sci. 17: 6–7.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Loebenstein, G., Alper, M. andLevy, S. (1970) Field tests with oil sprays for the prevention of aphid-spread viruses in peppers.Phytopathology 60: 212–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Moore, W.D., Smith, F.F., Johnson, G.V. andWolfenbarger, D.O. (1965) Reduction of aphid populations and delayed incidence of virus infection on yellow straight-neck squash by the use of aluminum foil.Proc. Fla St. hort. Soc. 78: 187–191.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Munsell Color Company. (1966) Book of Color. Baltimore, Md.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Smith, F.F., Johnson, G.V., Kahn, R.P. andBing, A. (1964) Repellency of reflective aluminium to transient aphid virus-vectors.Phytopathology 54: 748 (Abstr.).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Smith, F.F. andWebb, R.E. (1969) Soil mulches for repelling Mexican bean beetles.Proc. 9th Natl. Agric. Plastics Conf., pp. 59–61.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Loebenstein
    • 1
  • Miriam Alper
    • 1
  • S. Levy
    • 1
  • D. Palevitch
    • 2
  • E. Menagem
    • 2
  1. 1.Virus LaboratoryARO, The Volcani CenterBet Dagan
  2. 2.Div. of Vegetable ResearchARO, The Volcani CenterBet Dagan

Personalised recommendations