Skip to main content

Evaluation ofAmaranthus sp. andVernonia amygdalina, and soil amendments with poultry manure for the management of root-knot nematodes on eggplant

Abstract

The suppressive effect of vernonia (Vernonia amygdalina), amaranth (Amarathus sp.) and poultry manure on root-knot nematodes (RKNs) (Meloidogyne spp.) infecting eggplant (Solanum macrocarpon) was studied at two sites in southern Benin naturally infested with these nematodes. After 3 months, soil and root-inhabiting RKN populations were significantly less (P0.05) in the plots cropped with vernonia, amaranth, and eggplant amended with poultry manure (PM) at the rate of 40 t ha−1 as compared with the rate of 20 t ha−1 and with the control. Poultry manure was more effective after 2 months than after 3 months. Overall, vernonia was the most effective treatment affecting RKN populations in the roots and the soil. The use of these treatments in nematode management through rotation and co-planted crops is discussed.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    Akhtar, M. (1999) Plant growth and nematode dynamics in response to soil amendments with neem products, urea and compost.Bioresour. Technol. 69:181–183.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Asmus, G.L., Inomoto, M.M., Sazaki, C.S.S. and Ferraz, M.A. (2005) Reaction of some cover crops used in the no-tillage system toMeloidogyne incognita.Nematol. Bras. 29:47–52.

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Barker, K.R. and Niblack, T.L. (1990) Soil sampling methods and procedures for field diagnosis.in: Zuckerman, B.M., Mai, W.F. and Krusberg, L.R. [Eds.] Plant Nematology Laboratory Manual. Revised Edition. The University of Massachusetts Agricultural Experiment Station, Amherst, MA, USA. pp. 10–19.

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Chindo, P.S. and Khan, F.A. (1990) Control of root-knot nematodes,Meloidogyne spp., on tomato,Lycopersicon esculentum Mill., with poultry manure.Trop. Pest Manag. 36:332–335.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    D’Addabbo, T., Sisanelli, N., Lamberti, F., Greco, P. and Carella, A. (2003) Olive pomace and chicken manure amendments for control ofMeloidogyne incognita over two crop cycles.Nematropica 33:1–7.

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Datta, S.C., Datta, R., Sukul, A., Sukul, N.C. and Sinhababu, S.P. (2000) Relative attractiveness of four species of vegetable crops forMeloidogyne incognita.Environ. Ecol. 18:233–235.

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    El Allagui, N., Bourijate, M., Tahrouch, S. and Hatimi, A. (2006) Effet de cinq extraits végétaux surMeloidogyne spp. de la tomate.International Congress of Biochemistry (Agadir, Morocco), pp. 357–360.

  8. 8.

    Ferris, H. and Van Gundy, S.D. (1979)Meloidogyne ecology and host interrelationships.in: Lamberty, F. and Taylor, C.E. [Eds.] Root-knot Nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.). Systematics, Biology and Control. Academic Press, London, UK. pp. 205–230.

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Hooper, D.J. (1990) Extraction and processing of plant and soil nematodes.in: Luc, M., Sikora, R.A. and Bridge, J. [Eds.] Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Subtropical and Tropical Agriculture. CAB International, Wallingford, UK. pp. 45–68.

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Jagdale, G.B., Pawar, A.B. and Darekar, K.S. (1985) Effect of organic amendments on root-knot nematodes infecting Betelvine.Int. Nematol. Network Newsl. 2:5–10.

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    James, B., Godonou, I., Atcha, C. and Baimey, H. (2006) Healthy vegetables through participatory IPM in peri-urban areas of Benin. Summary of activities and achievements, 2003–2006. International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Cotonou, Benin.

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Johnson, A.W. (1985) The role of nematicides in nematode management.in: Sasser, J.N. and Carter, C.C. [Eds.] An Advanced Treatise onMeloidogyne. Vol. 1. Biology and Control. North Carolina University Graphics, Raleigh, NC, USA. pp. 249–267.

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Khan, T.A. and Saxena, S.K. (1997) Integrated management of root-knot nematodesMeloidogyne javanica infecting tomato using organic materials andPaecilomyces lilacinus.Bioresour. Technol. 61:247–250.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Kimpinski, J., Gallant, C.E., Henry, R., Macleod, J.A., Sanderson, J.B. and Sturz, V.A. (2003) Effect of compost and manure soil amendments on yields of potato and barley: a 7-year study.J. Nematol. 35:289–293.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Lian, S. (1993) Use of chemical fertilizers combined with organic manure in rice production. External Bull. no. 371. Food Fertilizer Technology Center, Wales, UK.

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    McSorley, R. and Gallaher, R.N. (1996) Effect of yard waste compost on nematode densities and maize yield.J. Nematol. 28 (suppl.):655–660.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    McSorley, R. and Gallaher, R.N. (1997) Effect of compost and maize cultivars on plant parasitic nematodes.J. Nematol. 29:731–736.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Oka, Y., Ben-Daniel, B. and Cohen, Y. (2001) Nematicidal activity of powder and extracts ofInula viscose.Nematology 3:735–742.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Okezie, A. and Agyakwa, C.W. (1989) Guide des Adventices d’Afrique de l’Ouest. Institut International d’Agriculture Tropicale, Ibadan, Nigeria.

    Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Ploeg, A.T. (1999) Greenhouse studies on the effect of marigolds (Tagetes spp.) on fourMeloidogyne species.J. Nematol. 31:62–69.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Ploeg, A.T. and Stapleton, J.J. (2001) Glasshouse studies on the effects of time, temperature, and amendment of soil with broccoli plant residues on the infestation of melon plants byMeloidogyne incognita andM. javanica.Nematology 3:855–861.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Prot, J.C. and Van Gundy, S.D. (1981) Effect of soil texture and the clay component on migration ofMeloidogyne incognita second stage juveniles.J. Nematol. 13:213–219.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Sanchez de Viala, A.S., Brodie, B.B., Rodriguez, E. and Gibson, D.M. (1998) The potential of thiarubrine C as a nematicidal agent against plant-parasitic nematodes.J. Nematol. 30:192–200.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Speijer, P. and De Waele, D. (1997) Screening forMusa germplasm for resistance and tolerance to nematodes. Technical Guidelines No. 1. INIBAP, Montpellier, France.

    Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Stapleton, J.J. and DeVay, J.E. (1983) Response of phytoparasitic and free-living nematodes to soil solarization and 1,3-dichloropropene in California.Phytopathology 73:1429–1436.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Stapleton, J.J. and Duncan, R.A. (1998) Soil disinfestations with cruciferous amendments and sublethal heating: effects onMeloidogyne incognita, Sclerotium rolfsii andPythium ultimum.Phytopathology 47:737–742.

    Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Tsay, T.T., Wu, S.T. and Lin, Y.Y. (2004) Evaluation of Asteraceae plants for control ofMeloidogyne incognita.J. Nematol. 36:36–41.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    Van der Laan, P.A. (1956) The influence of organic manure on the development of the potato root-worm,Heterodera rostochiensis.Nematologica 1:112–125.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    Viaene, N.M. and Abawi, G.S. (1996) Damage threshold ofMeloidogyne hapla to lettuce in organic soil.J. Nematol. 28:537–545.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    Viaene, N.M. and Abawi, G.S. (1998) Management ofMeloidogyne hapla on lettuce in organic soil with sudangrass as a cover crop.Plant Dis. 82:945–952.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. 31.

    Widmer, T.L. and Abawi, G.S. (2000) Mechanism of suppression ofMeloidogyne hapla and its damage by a green manure of Sudan grass.Plant Dis. 84:562–568.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Leonard Afouda.

Additional information

http://www.phytoparasitica.org posting August 6, 2008.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Afouda, L., Baimey, H. & Fanou, H. Evaluation ofAmaranthus sp. andVernonia amygdalina, and soil amendments with poultry manure for the management of root-knot nematodes on eggplant. Phytoparasitica 36, 368–376 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02980816

Download citation

Key words

  • Amaranth
  • Benin
  • cultural practices
  • Meloidogyne spp.
  • nematode control
  • nematode population density
  • population dynamics
  • Solanum macrocarpon
  • vernonia