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Schools of public health in the United States of America

Schools of public health in den USA

Abstract

Some general practical information on the structure and functions of schools of public health in the United States is provided. The first such school was begun in 1916 and there are now 24 accredited schools in the U.S. with a total of more than 10,500 degree-students enrolled, producing more than 3,500 graduates each year. All schools of public health contain departments or programs in biostatistics, epidemiology, environmental health, and health services administration. Other disciplines vary to some extent between schools. To maintain teaching standards, all schools are regularly reviewed and accredited by the Council on Education for Public Health. All schools offer at least the Master of Public Health degree and, most schools, doctoral degrees. In addition to teaching, research is the other main focus of schools of public health. Research funding is usually obtained through a process of competitive grant application writing. Schools of public health maintain close cooperative linkages with each other, as well as with medical schools and departments of health. Graduates usually have no difficulty in obtaining employment.

Zusammenfassung

Dieser Beitrag gibt allgemeine und praxisbezogene Informationen über Aufbau und Funktionen der Schools of Public Health in den USA, wo die erste dieser Einrichtungen im Jahre 1916 gegründet wurde. Heute gibt es dort 24 akkreditierte Schools mit insgesamt mehr als 10 500 Studenten und jährlich mehr als 3 500 Studienabschlüssen. Allediese Schools besitzenAbteilungen oder Programme für Biostatistik, Epidemiologic, Umwelt und Gesundheit sowie Gesundheitsverwaltung/systemforschung. Andere Fachrichtungen variieren bis zu einem gewissen Grade von einer School zur anderen. Um einen hohen Standard in der Lehre zu gewährleisten, werden alle Schools regelmäβig vom Council on Education for Public Health überpruft und akkreditiert. Als Abschluβ bieten alle Schools zumindestden Master of Public Health und in den meisten Fällen auch einen Doktorgrad an. Neben der Lehre ist Forschung die Hauptaufgabe der Schools. Forschungsförderung wird gewöhnlich im Wettbewerb um Förderungsmittel erreicht. Die Schools haben enge Kooperationskontakte miteinander sowie mit medizinischen Fakultäten und der Gesundheitsverwaltung. In der Regel finden die Absolventen mühelos eine geeignete Arbeitsstelle.

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References

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Bates, M.N., Fehr, R. Schools of public health in the United States of America. Z. f. Gesundheitswiss. 1, 5–19 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02956067

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02956067

Keywords

  • Public Health
  • Health Sciences
  • Education
  • Postgraduate Training
  • USA

Schlüsselwörter

  • Public Health
  • Gesundheitswissenschaften
  • Ausbildung
  • USA